Tell us please how much power this rig draws? 850PSU enough for 4 overclocked 5830?
It's enough, at least for this kind of OC - I'm running the same system. But it should be a gold certified PSU.
Try OC'ing the outside card just a little more, don't touch the other ones. Bring up the fans to 90-100% and try getting the gaps between each card a little bigger to give them some more space to breathe, ideally putting an extra fan ontop.
83°C is close to the limit, I never go above 80, my hottest card is currently running at 76°C with 960Mhz on each and the outside card at 1000Mhz.