Bitcoin Forum
May 28, 2015, 01:54:26 AM *
News: Change your password!
 
   Home   Help Search Donate Login Register  
Pages: [1]
  Print  
Author Topic: [ANN] Huobi Passes Proof of Solvency Audit  (Read 3031 times)
Stefan Thomas
Full Member
***
Offline Offline

Activity: 232


AKA: Justmoon


View Profile WWW

Ignore
August 29, 2014, 04:57:52 AM
 #1

Just finished an audit of the Huobi Chinese Bitcoin exchange. Please see the report below.

As always, an audit does not constitute an endorsement and it does not address any risks outside of present insolvency. It's also not infallible, exchanges can borrow money or ask others to sign their audit message. Finally, until we can implement fully zero-knowledge, cryptographically provable audits, you have to trust the auditor, i.e. me, to have done my job correctly.

Also same as always, I did not receive any compensation for the audit and I did it in my free time. I requested the exchange donate any fees they would have paid me to a charity of my choice: Ludvig von Mises Institute For Austrian Economics Inc. in Auburn, Alabama

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA512


AUDITOR: Stefan Thomas
AUDITED ENTITY: Huobi Technology Co., Ltd., https://www.huobi.com
ROOT HASH: c4d8c294ee91c8d61fc12f55750346eb4106f37effacdbc296320310bab1daf1
BLOCK HEIGHT: 317899
RESULT: >100% reserves


August 28, 2014
San Francisco

This post is to report on an audit I performed for the Huobi Bitcoin exchange on August 28th, 2014 from the Ripple Labs office here in San Francisco. (Note that I have performed this audit privately in my spare time and not as an employee at Ripple Labs Inc.) I've not received any payment for this audit - my personal goal with this is to help improve the stability of and confidence in the math-based currency industry overall.


Statement
=========

The audit process is designed to allow the auditor - in this case me, Stefan Thomas - to verify that the total amount of bitcoins held by Huobi matches the amount required to cover an anonymized set of customer balances. I am attesting to the root hash of a merkle tree containing all balances that were considered in the audit. If you are a customer of Huobi, you'll be able to verify using open-source tools that your balance at the time of the audit is part of this root hash. If it is and if you believe that I am trustworthy, then you can be confident that your balance was matched by an equivalent or greater amount of bitcoins in the block chain at the time of the audit.

The most difficult part of an audit is normally to verify that the exchange is not under-reporting the number and balances of account holders. With this approach each account holder can verify that they were considered in the audit. At the same time it maintains absolute privacy for customers, the auditor only sees anonymized balances and the general public only sees the overall level of reserves.

Note that there are limitations to this type of audit. It does not verify an exchange's fiat assets and liabilities or other aspects of their balance sheet. It is also difficult to prove definitively that the bitcoins in question are actually owned by the exchange versus being on loan for instance.

In order to reduce reliance on the auditor, the audit should be repeated using different auditors at different times.


Claims
======

Claim 1: Huobi controls a certain amount of Bitcoins.

Proof: Huobi provided a JSON file with a list of their Bitcoin addresses and balances. I used the `cryptoshi audit` command in libcoin to verify the JSON file against a copy of the block chain.

The version of libcoin used was commit 5424505e2fb5866be96e9af35874cf9c289e3ccd.

Here is the audit code used:

https://github.com/libcoin/libcoin/blob/5424505e2fb5866be96e9af35874cf9c289e3ccd/applications/cryptoshi/cryptoshi.cpp#L638-690


Claim 2: The amount from claim 1 is greater than the amount contained in the root hash of balances.

Proof: Huobi provided a JSON file containing a set of anonymized user balances. I used my own tool "easy-audit" to calculate the reserve ratio and root hash.

The version of easy-audit used was commit 663c38be6767175764d13d249a6c18905ebae76f

Available at: https://github.com/justmoon/easy-audit

Here is the audit code used:

https://github.com/justmoon/easy-audit/blob/663c38be6767175764d13d249a6c18905ebae76f/lib/audit_reporter.js#L10-31

The tool's output was:

ASSET OWNER: huobi.com
BLOCK HEIGHT: 317899
ROOT HASH: c4d8c294ee91c8d61fc12f55750346eb4106f37effacdbc296320310bab1daf1
RESERVE RATIO: 103.52%

The actual holdings were 3.52% higher than the required holdings, meaning Huobi had greater than 100% reserves at the audit block height.

// Stefan Thomas

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
Version: GnuPG v1

iQIcBAEBCgAGBQJT//PKAAoJEMlHNwCksIvzpNYQANXP+cio4ptUOXfnpJbdAqpX
maEu6vinHGk5/JlKF2GBNeXiqZibwz66/R9p16MDalmy0ZjCk6CHuifvg1ZFOezH
3czTW0d2FSCI7JILlWPPNcc0JNC4zRWGgg7B7fkM/xeYuCwRIXSwF25+AjVbbSPn
CX/udDe5+59TbTNRGMwKCU9eqELOoTitAXhyJZ+e+2aE/LULBLUt3PUvZxzRbP3f
sm4C5ee2fRa6lPcPbRRPReP1mEOYyXYaEtpeYTFKk7Bk3+u6jPruSALrD8puK8xg
Q/CPjIO9orIc8BEFb5Ne6HU5GGJftGxTNyvMV+9oAok4aowogRsdOm417PffIFsT
D9q0QeQPcSmVyOp8bAMuEZltS5sgD/bORXM2DeJ/AZZiWGdBKhwwZ8lBRvInm4Sz
Aq3KQwi7S7fichBQYoYxsPc2zW5epjalyAhu0mdBSRWi3epM5VhqO7g8YEbe2xw3
/IxSq8JOlLgl41SaKOcSTklzU/wB742sUQsf4Pv+wSLxD0hK+4VMkfIdcGEpOQ1n
1gihFadkJT7gOrjB6WKWDE99rS0C0yfCw3bxBQMecE+L4Tp6J3Z0V5PF8/74D4+0
mej4RsTsC+t6Gwh+hrgHUHuj+YGv2DghQzHWq/5c/isFphXwXhGrGMjGNP/R82YQ
0QK5n1sd2lCqwdQOcn9u
=yWqp
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----

Twitter: @justmoon
PGP: D16E 7B04 42B9 F02E 0660  C094 C947 3700 A4B0 8BF3
FortuneJack.com No.1 Online Cryptocurrency Casino New Dice with Progressive Jackpot Provably Fair 250+ Games 5 Amazing Promotions Up to 50% Affiliate 9 Cryptocurrencies Coin Exchange Start WINNING Now
Advertised sites are not endorsed by the Bitcoin Forum. They may be unsafe, untrustworthy, or illegal in your jurisdiction. Advertise here.
1432778066
Hero Member
*
Offline Offline

Posts: 1432778066

View Profile Personal Message (Offline)

Ignore
1432778066
Reply with quote  #2

1432778066
Report to moderator
1432778066
Hero Member
*
Offline Offline

Posts: 1432778066

View Profile Personal Message (Offline)

Ignore
1432778066
Reply with quote  #2

1432778066
Report to moderator
1432778066
Hero Member
*
Offline Offline

Posts: 1432778066

View Profile Personal Message (Offline)

Ignore
1432778066
Reply with quote  #2

1432778066
Report to moderator
1432778066
Hero Member
*
Offline Offline

Posts: 1432778066

View Profile Personal Message (Offline)

Ignore
1432778066
Reply with quote  #2

1432778066
Report to moderator
promojo
Full Member
***
Offline Offline

Activity: 224


View Profile

Ignore
September 01, 2014, 07:29:18 AM
 #2

Cool.  Good to know for many that we're speculating about the Chinese exchanges.  I think this puts it to rest.

// promoJo - Security, VMware, Microsoft and Tech evangelist, Professional Speaker, Bitcoin & Litecoin crypto-currency connoisseur, trader and miner.
stan.distortion
Hero Member
*****
Offline Offline

Activity: 924



View Profile

Ignore
September 01, 2014, 07:44:05 AM
 #3

Cool.  Good to know for many that we're speculating about the Chinese exchanges.  I think this puts it to rest.
Not really, Stefan detailed some of the possible fraudulent ways of passing an audit but its a big confidence boost none the less and thanks to all involved. Exchanges don't really have any excuse for anything other than complete transparency with the BTC side of their books these days but audits are certainly a step in the right direction.

Slightly off topic but GABI is launching today and considering who's behind it I'm very sceptical of their honesty, hopefully they'll conduct regular audits at a minimum.

Xu Nuojin: "In the future, in the Internet generation, every country will slowly relax sovereign control and even dilute the concept of sovereignty."
promojo
Full Member
***
Offline Offline

Activity: 224


View Profile

Ignore
September 01, 2014, 06:59:28 PM
 #4

Cool.  Good to know for many that we're speculating about the Chinese exchanges.  I think this puts it to rest.
Not really, Stefan detailed some of the possible fraudulent ways of passing an audit but its a big confidence boost none the less and thanks to all involved. Exchanges don't really have any excuse for anything other than complete transparency with the BTC side of their books these days but audits are certainly a step in the right direction.

Slightly off topic but GABI is launching today and considering who's behind it I'm very sceptical of their honesty, hopefully they'll conduct regular audits at a minimum.

I know this is a huobi thread but has BTCE done an audit?  I use them frequently.

// promoJo - Security, VMware, Microsoft and Tech evangelist, Professional Speaker, Bitcoin & Litecoin crypto-currency connoisseur, trader and miner.
Pages: [1]
  Print  
 
Jump to:  

Sponsored by , a Bitcoin-accepting VPN.
Powered by MySQL Powered by PHP Powered by SMF 1.1.19 | SMF © 2006-2009, Simple Machines Valid XHTML 1.0! Valid CSS!