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1  Economy / Goods / Ruger New Model Single Six .22WMRF on: August 15, 2023, 02:10:59 AM
Ruger Single-Six New Model Convertible .22-LR* and .22WMRF for sale.

*Only the .22 magnum (WMRF) cylinder is included, I don't recall ever having the .22LR cylinder for this gun.

Please read:  Several years ago this pistol was stolen, then recovered by Oakland PD some months later.  After many years I was able to retrieve it, and of course I have all the legal paperwork showing it's no longer listed as a stolen firearm.  I cleaned and tested it, and found it to be in good shape despite having some ware, dings, and scratches.  To be fair, it was used when I acquired it and IIRC some of the cosmetic flaws were there before it was stolen.  The pistol works flawlessly, and is actually pretty darn accurate.

Please review the photos carefully, I've tried to highlight all the cosmetic flaws so there are no surprises.

USA residents only!
Must ship to an adequately licensed Federal Firearms Licensee.

Price: $375 -
Insured shipping to your FFL is included in the price.

Serial Number: 263-22983
Originally shipped from factory in 1996

Grips: Hardwood
Capacity: 6
Overall Length: 11"
Front Sight: Ramp
Rear Sight: Adjustable
Weight: 39 oz.
Barrel Length: 5.50"
Twist: 1 in 14" RH
Rifling Grooves: 6
Extra Cylinder: 22 WMR *(.22 LR cylinder not included.)*
Material: Stainless Steel
Finish: Satin Stainless

https://ruger-docs.s3.amazonaws.com/_manuals/newModelSuperSingleSix.pdf













I'll likely be selling a couple of Springfield Armory XDs soon as well.  Stay tuned.
2  Other / Politics & Society / Kill the Boer? What's going on in South Africa? on: August 08, 2023, 06:30:51 PM
Is there a genocide taking place in South Africa?

For those of us who remember the days of apartheid in South Africa, we probably recall believing that we were on the "right side" of the argument if we supported ending the policy.  I have no personal experience with the country, other than having a white friend who participated in the Rhodesia-Zimbabwe civil war, and hearing his stories and his take on the political issues of the day.  I'm aware that one side of the story is not enough to make a judgment and his is the only first-hand account of the situation that I've ever heard.  It's worth noting that my friend is also vehemently opposed to apartheid, but he does argue that the implementation of the new governments and their policies were flawed.

Here we are, three decades later and there's still contention, fighting, and what appears to be a genocide of white property owners.  The most recent issues are related to property rights, specifically rights to the farmland in the country of South Africa.  Here's an article from 2021 that paints the picture:
https://www.accord.org.za/ajcr-issues/farm-attacks-or-white-genocide-interrogating-the-unresolved-land-question-in-south-africa/

Recently there was a rally held by the Economic Freedom Part and one of it's leaders, Julius Malema started chanting "Kill the Boer" (kill the white man,) and the crowd dutifully joined in the chant.  Since the EFT is a left leaning party (self described Marxists,) their aggressions have largely gone ignored by the American media.  However, a recent article in the NYT went so far as to excuse the allegations of murderous aggression.  Here is a substack article by someone who differs with NYT's editorial:
https://roddreher.substack.com/p/kill-the-boer-murder-white-south

I'll admit I'm very removed from the situation, but I still want to know what's going on.  I have no trust in the media in my country, they are more prone to obfuscate or straight up omit some of the more important news depending on political implications.

So, I'm asking those who have better insight into the issues facing South Africa today, what's going on?
3  Economy / Lending / Lending Board Rules of Engagement - Attention Lenders and Borrowers on: July 23, 2023, 05:35:43 AM


    .
    Introduction:
    The Bitcoin Forum is committed to providing a free marketplace for all to trade and transact without any official limitations.  This is a truly free, capitalistic economy, or, as the administrator has described it, "anarcho-capitalistic."  As such, it's up those who engage in this economy to protect themselves.  Caveat Emptor!

    However, that doesn't mean that you are completely on your own.  There are many reputable members of the forum who are committed to keeping the forum safe, and thwarting scammers before they have a chance to cause damage.  One of the tools available to members is the Trust System, which is intended to provide participants with feedback that others can use to judge a potential trade partner's trustworthiness.  The trust system is decentralized in the way that it is left to the community to manage.  It may not be perfect, but the philosophy aligns with the forum's commitment to a free marketplace.

    In the Lending sub-board this poses a few challenges for those who are new to the forum.  If you are a newbie to the forum or the Lending board it would behoove you to take a few moments to learn a little bit about the culture and expectations when requesting a loan or offering to lend to others.  These are not official forum rules, not even unofficial forum rules.  These are simply my observations and suggestions based on years of experience (good and bad) participating in, and monitoring this segment of the forum's economy.


    .
    Borrowers:

    If you are requesting a loan I suggest you follow these guidelines to keep yourself and your account safe.

    • Secured loans:
    If you are newbie looking for a loan, offer collateral!  There is almost no chance of a newbie receiving a loan without collateral.  Regardless of your account status or rank, if you do offer collateral make sure you are dealing with a reputable lender, or use a trusted escrow agent to hold the collateral.  Don't trust a new lender with your collateral, you'll likely be scammed.  

    • Unsecured loans:
    Many lenders offer unsecured (no collateral) loans, but you will notice experienced lenders will issue unsecured loans only to aged accounts that have proven themselves as trustworthy.   Acceptance of unsecured loans is subject solely to the discretion of the lender.  New accounts asking for unsecured loans will often be summarily tagged as scammers.  If your first post on the forum is a request for an unsecured loan, don't be surprised to see your account painted red and your request ridiculed.

    • Establish yourself:
    If you are new to the forum, there's no need to prove you're the owner of the brand new account, but if you've been around for a while you should take steps to assure a lender that you are the original owner of the account.  Sign your loan request with an address that's been staked or has been posted previously on the forum.  Use of PGP signatures is also highly recommended.  Even if the lender doesn't request it, he'll grow accustomed to you signing messages.  If your account gets hijacked and a lender sees an unsigned request, he's likely to notice the oddity and investigate further, potentially saving your account from being given a fraudulent loan.

    • Protect yourself:
    Remember that all is not always as it seems.  Not all lenders are altruistic and helpful.  Generally speaking, most of the established lenders are trustworthy folks, but be wary of new lenders or those who are new to lending market.  Make sure you have a thorough understanding the lender's terms the interest rates, and repayment deadlines before accepting the loan.  Making changes to the terms and conditions is always easier before the parties commit to the loan.

    • ID and Proof of Income:
    Identification documents, paycheck receipts, proof of income, and written or verbal contracts promising to pay are worthless to a lender.  There are no documents you can provide that will secure your loan request.  All forms of identification and documentation can easily be forged or faked, and no lender here has the ability to authenticate anyone's identity.  The prevailing theory is that no one would willingly disclose their personal information to a stranger on the internet for a few hundred dollars, unless of course it's not their identity to begin with.  Honest or not, such a request will appear to be a scam attempt.

    • You are not entitled to a loan:
    Requesting a loan does not guarantee you'll receive one.  Lenders are not obligated to fill each (or any) loan request, nor should you expect yours to be honored.  When others respond to your request with questions or suggestions, it would be wise to answer honestly and heed the advice given.  Do not push the issue by repeating the same talking points or without modifying your request.  A sense of entitlement will almost always end with you being red-tagged and labeled a scammer.

    • Investment Proposals:
    Requests for investment in a project are highly unlikely to be accepted.  Unless the requester is an established member who would otherwise qualify for an unsecured loan, requests for a project based on a business plan or a high yield investment proposal are often seen as a scam attempt by the community.  Even established members who offer proposals that sound too good to be true will be seen as attempting to scam so, imagine what it looks like when a newbie tries it.


    .
    Lenders:

    If you plan to offer a lending service, you must assume many risks, not the least of which is giving the community the wrong impression about your motives.  You will increase your chances of success if you follow these simple suggestions:

    • Do your own research:
    The Trust System can be very helpful in evaluating the borrower's potential to pay back the loan, however you shouldn't rely on only the one source for information.  Risks can be mitigated by issuing only secured loans, but you may find opportunities in that market segment are limited.  If you issue unsecured loans you alone are responsible for evaluating your client, and assume the risks.  Make sure to consider all the information publicly available to evaluate those risks, and beware of borrowers who've over-extended themselves with multiple loans.  Also beware of aged accounts suddenly asking for a loan if it seems out of character.  Another trend to look out for is borrowers who are asking for short-term loans just to develop their trust rating.  Often they are budling up to take bigger and bigger loans, with the possible goal of defaulting on a large loan.

    • Signed messages:
    If you are new member offering a lending service or an established member new to the market, it's recommended that you sign a message using an address containing some funds.  This can demonstrate to the community that you are serious, and have the capitol to fill accepted requests.  It's also advisable to ask borrowers to sign a message using an address that was staked or previously posted on the forum.  This will help ensure that you are dealing with the same person responsible for the account's reputation.  I'm of the opinion that requesting signed messages should be standard practice, especially for unsecured loans.

    • Be willing to use escrow:
    If you are new member offering secured loans, you may not have the reputation to earn the borrower's confidence that you will return the collateral.  Using a trusted, reliable third party as an escrow agent will help everyone feel safe.  Bitcoin technology such as multi-sig wallets can also be helpful in this regard.  Showing that you are willing to use escrow will demonstrate to the community that you are not attempting to scam someone out of their collateral.

    • Transparency:
    Transparency and communication will help the lender maintain a professional and respectable reputation.  Once a loan has been issued, use the Trust System to communicate that the borrower has an active loan with you.  It's just common curtesy.  Publicly posting the addresses and transaction IDs involved is not mandatory, but can be helpful in resolving issues, or to prove that one party breached the initial agreement.

    • Privacy:
    Generally speaking, transparency provides safety for the lender, however it's important to respect your clients' privacy, even from yourself.  Do not ask your clients to disclose personal information about themselves, such as identification documents, for example.  Not only is this an unreliable way to ensure the borrower's identity, it's likely to be seen as attempted identity theft.


    .
    Collateral:

    The question of what constitutes valid collateral often comes up, and is often met with some debate.  Only the lender can decide what collateral suites his risk profile, however the following guidelines can help borrowers assess the likelihood of their secured loan request being accepted.

    • Fungible Digital Assets:
    The most likely asset to be accepted as collateral by the majority of lenders is a cryptocurrency other than the one you want to borrow.  The currency, coin, or token must have sufficient trade volume, and be traded on reputable and accessibly exchanges.  For example, a borrower who is bullish on BTC but needs some USDT to pay for a service may request a USDT loan with BTC posted as collateral.  Often the lender holds the collateral in an address he controls, but the lender and borrower may agree to have the collateral held by an impartial third party or escrow agent.

    • Non-Fungible Digital Assets:
    Non fungible assets are rarely accepted as collateral, and depending on the request can often be seen as an attempted scam or deceptive sale of the asset.  Despite some debates regarding the validity of digital assets and collectables (such as NFTs, domain names, or websites) as collateral, it's worth noting that they are frequently offered but rarely accepted.  Again, the lender needs to evaluate the legitimacy of the asset's proclaimed value, and the risk inherent in such offers.  Some escrow agents can help with non-fungible assets, in the event an offer is accepted.

    • Physical Goods:
    Physical goods can be deemed valid collateral by some lenders, but often the logistics of transporting the items to and from the lender or escrow agent can be time-consuming and cost-prohibitive.  Borrowers who are within a close geographic area to the lender or a trusted escrow agent may have an easier time having their offer accepted.  Lenders will not accept photos or video evidence of the existence of the asset in leu of having the collateral physically in their possession.  If it's not in the lender's or escrow agent's hands, it's not collateral.  Borrowers who offer only proof of the existence of the asset, and are unwilling to relinquish possession are often seen as attempting to scam.

    • What is not collateral:
      • Identification documents are not collateral.  IDs can be faked or forged, and do not guarantee the identity of the borrower.  Nor do they guarantee recourse in the event of a defaulted loan.  Even if the documents are authentic, law enforcement agencies could take years to make any progress on a reported case.
      • Fiat sent through PayPal or other reversable payment methods should never be offered or accepted as collateral.  The borrower could charge-back the collateral as soon as the lender sends the loan, leaving the lender empty handed and at a loss.
      • Social media accounts and service provider accounts (such as exchange or casino accounts) are not collateral.  Any account that can be recovered by social engineering is a high risk for the lender to accept as collateral.
      • Bitcoin Forum accounts should not be offered or accepted as collateral.  If a lender attempts to sell a Bitcoin Forum account in the event of a loan default, he risks being red-tagged as an account seller.  Selling and buying of Bitcoin Forum accounts is frowned upon by many members of the community.
      • Items the borrower has listed for sale.  If the borrower is looking to sell the item he's offering as collateral, odds are he's not going to return the loan and is trying to trick the lender into unwittingly buying the item.
      • Virtual credit cards, gift cards, access codes, game codes, VPS codes, or any similar type of item that holds digital value should be avoided.  These can easily be retrieved by the borrower through social engineering, or drained of their value immediately after the loan is issued.



    Summary:

    Historically the lending board has been an unkind place for members with fanciful borrowing requests.  It has been less kind to lenders with unclear or clearly malicious motives.  The nature of the lending board will always attract lazy scammers with feeble attempts that lack creativity.  If you are a legitimate borrower or lender, you'll want to make every effort to avoid the appearance that you are one of these lazy scammers, or you risk being tagged and labeled as if you are one.[/list]
    4  Bitcoin / Electrum / Python installation of Electrum on latest Linux kernel (6.0 and above) on: June 19, 2023, 09:11:29 PM
    I don't know about the rest of you, but I prefer to install Electrum on my Linux machines using the python package tarball.  I recently installed Debian 12 Bookworm on one of my laptops, but was surprised to find an error when attempting to install Electrum.  More info on the error and resolution can be found in the issue I submitted on Github.

    It appears that Debian isn't the only OS with changes that broke the python installation instructions found on Electrum's website.  Another, earlier issue was reported in regards to Ubuntu 23.

    Below are the instructions on how to install the Python version of Electrum on newer Linux distros with kernel versions of 6.0 and above.  If you have previously used this method to install Electrum and you want to upgrade to a newer version, only steps 4 through 6 are required, and optionally, step 9 to clean up.  Make sure to substitute the file names for the desired package.

    1. Perform an update.
    Code:
    sudo apt update

    2. Install the required dependencies:
    Code:
    sudo apt install -y libsecp256k1-dev python3.11-venv

    3. Create the environment folder for Electrum:
    Code:
    sudo python3 -m venv --system-site-packages /opt/electrum

    4. From the user home directory (not important, but cleaner) download the required package and signature files:
    Code:
    wget https://download.electrum.org/4.4.6/Electrum-4.4.6.tar.gz
    Code:
    wget https://download.electrum.org/4.4.6/Electrum-4.4.6.tar.gz.asc

    5. Verify the package (more info here):
    Code:
    gpg --verify Electrum-4.4.6.tar.gz.asc

    6. From the same directory where you downloaded the tarball you can now install Electrum with this command:
    Code:
    sudo /opt/electrum/bin/pip install Electrum-4.4.6.tar.gz

    7. Symlinks to the binary and the icon image are needed for the app drawer launcher, and the binary link makes CLI commands more user friendly:
    Code:
    sudo ln -s /opt/electrum/bin/electrum /usr/bin/electrum
    Code:
    sudo ln -s /opt/electrum/share/icons/hicolor/128x128/apps/electrum.png /usr/bin/electrum.png

    8. Create the app drawer launcher file, "electrum.desktop":
    Code:
    sudo desktop-file-install /opt/electrum/share/applications/electrum.desktop

    9. Clean up by removing unneeded files:
    Code:
    rm Electrum-4.4.6.tar.gz Electrum-4.4.6.tar.gz.asc

    And that's it.  You should find the Electrum icon in your app drawer or applications list, and it should start Electrum without any issues, and you should also be able to interact with Electrum using the CLI commands.




    **Note: If you have previously used this method to install Electrum and you want to upgrade to a newer version, only steps 4 through 6 are required, and optionally, step 9 to clean up.  Make sure to substitute the file names for the desired package.



    5  Bitcoin / Electrum / Electrum 4.4.4 Released on: June 02, 2023, 02:23:29 PM
    The Electrum development team released a minor upgrade a couple of days ago.  It looks like it's mostly fixing some issues with the Android GUI as it relates to creating multi-sig wallets.

    Don't forget to verify the download!

    # Release 4.4.4 (May 31, 2023)
     * QML GUI:
       - fix creating multisig wallets involving BIP39 seeds (#8432)
       - fix "cannot scroll to open a lightning channel" (#8446)
       - wizard: "confirm seed" screen to normalize whitespaces (#8442)
       - fix assert on address details screen (#8420)
     * Qt GUI:
       - better handle some expected errors in SwapDialog (#8430)
     * libsecp256k1: bump bundled version to 0.3.2 (10574bb1)
    6  Other / Meta / Restrict newbies from posting in the lending board? on: May 03, 2023, 12:21:06 AM
    I don't know how keen theymos would be to implement this suggestion, but it would be nice if newbies weren't allowed to post in the lending board.  Recently there's been a rash of trolling and spam in the lending board all because (at least one) newbies are refusing to accept reasonable advice or take "no" for an answer.  I'm of the opinion that it's all due to one troll with multiple alts, but that's irrelevant.

    If someone registers an account just to request a no-collateral loan then he's not contributing to the forum, he's detracting from it.  If he has collateral, then he can afford to buy a copper membership and post a request for a collateralized loan, or send a specific lender a PM requesting a collateralized loan.  Or, god forbid, he can create an account to actually read, ask questions, learn, and contribute, which may cause him to earn a merit or two.  Then ask for a loan if needed.  

    Not to mention all the ponzi scammers posing as "businesses" asking for stupid sums, promising stupider returns.

    No lenders are giving out loans to these accounts, and I'm guessing most wouldn't miss them from spamming their threads.

    Benefits:
    • Less trolling and spam in the lending board
    • Fewer repetitive posts
    • No impact on legitimate lending operations
    • Possible reduction in scams
    • Instant reduction in feeble scam attempts
    7  Bitcoin / Bitcoin Technical Support / Robosats self hosting question on: February 18, 2023, 05:55:45 PM
    Anyone else here self-hosting RoboSats?

    I recently installed it using the Docker method so I can run it locally, and access it from VPN.  Some of the networks I use block TOR, so if I want to access RoboSats from those networks I have to be able to connect to a clearnet IP, but I only want to do so if it's running on my own VPN.  Anyway, RoboSats is running and accessible from other machines on my LAN/VPN via port 12596.  However, I keep getting the notice below in my logs, and I'm reluctant to use it until I understand what's going on.

    Code:
    npm-dev      |
    npm-dev      | > frontend@0.3.4 dev
    npm-dev      | > webpack --watch --progress --mode development
    npm-dev      |
    npm-dev      | sh: 1: webpack: not found
    npm-dev exited with code 127

    When I check the status of the docker container I see that the npm-dev container keeps restarting:

    Code:
    root@node-server:~# docker ps -a
    CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                     COMMAND                  CREATED          STATUS                            PORTS                                                               NAMES
    d17f7b384d54   nodeapp-nodeapp           "docker-entrypoint.sÖ"   51 minutes ago   Up 51 minutes                                                                                         nodeapp-dev
    00f2c72dfe5e   nodeapp-frontend          "docker-entrypoint.sÖ"   51 minutes ago   Restarting (127) 23 seconds ago                                                                       npm-dev
    ea751fee0991   nodeapp-tor               "/root/entrypoint.sh"    51 minutes ago   Up 51 minutes                     9001/tcp, 9050/tcp, 0.0.0.0:12596->12596/tcp, :::12596->12596/tcp   tor-dev

    To set it up I followed the very simple instructions for the Frontend Docker container that can be found here:
    https://github.com/Reckless-Satoshi/robosats/blob/main/setup.md#set-up

    Environment:
    • Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-4590 CPU @ 3.30GHz
    • 16GB RAM
    • Debian 11 (5.10.162-1)
    • Docker version 23.0.1, build a5ee5b1

    I have NPM and Node installed on the system, and they are the latest LTS versions from the nodesource repository.  I doubt that matters since RoboSats is running in it's own container.

    Is this an issue I need to be worried about, and if so, any advice?
    8  Bitcoin / Development & Technical Discussion / [GUIDE] The simplest Full Node guide ever. [GUIDE] on: January 02, 2023, 08:53:22 PM
    Due to an ongoing discussion about the private use of bitcoin with HD wallets and the advantages that running your own node provides, I've decided to create a really simple guide to help those who are less experienced with Linux.  During the discussion some members expressed their desire to run their own node, but were intimidated by having to learn a new OS.  Well, rest assured, this guide takes the path of least resistance and is intended for you.

    The node system I've chosen for this guide is Umbrel, largely because of how easy it is to install and operate, the options it provides, and because it can be installed on just about anything that can run on a Linux kernel.  

    Disclosure: Keep in mind that Umbrel is not "Open Source" software.  It is transparent, available for peer review, can be forked, modified, and redistributed, but commercial use of Umbrel is limited.  It also offers applets that may not be open-source.  More information here: https://github.com/getumbrel/umbrel/blob/master/LICENSE.md

    While writing this guide I have made some assumptions:
    • You're a Windows user, with a PC or Laptop running Windows and connected to the local network.
    • Your node will be running on separate hardware dedicated to the node, (we'll call this hardware the "node server").
    • You will interact with the node server remotely.

    One of the advantages of Umbrel is that it can be managed remotely by using your favorite web browser from any device that's connected to the same local network, even a phone.  This is what makes Umbrel so easy to use and such a practical solution for those who don't care to develop Linux system management skills, but still want to run a full node.



    Preparation

    We'll get started with a list of what you'll need:
    • A USB drive with 4GB capacity.
    • A very basic computer with these minimum requirements
      • 2-core processor (CPU)
      • 4GB of RAM (8GB recommended)
      • 1TB of storage space (a SSD is recommended, a fast HDD will work fine)
      • Internet connection
      • A temporary terminal (a monitor and a keyboard)


    Step 1: Prepare the USB drive:

    To keep this as simple as possible, I've chosen to use Ubuntu Server as my base OS.  Other Linux operating systems will work fine (in fact I prefer Debian,) but out-of-the-box Ubuntu comes configured with all settings which will make this super easy for a newbie.  Umbrel will provide the graphical interface, so to keep the install as light as possible all we need is the server package, which does not include a desktop environment.  A Linux distro with a desktop environment will also work, but I find this to be redundant and will tax our hardware unnecessarily.

    • Download the latest stable (LTS) version of Ubuntu Server's ISO: https://ubuntu.com/download/server
    • Use an imaging tool (balenaEtcher, for example) to write the ISO file onto the USB drive.


    Step 2: Install the base OS:

    Next, we'll install a minimized Ubuntu Server as our base OS for the node server.

    • Insert the USB drive into an open USB port on the node server.
    • Boot the node server to the BIOS boot options page.
      • For most Intel mother boards press F8 while the bios is loading, F12 for most Dell machines.
    • Once the boot option page loads select the USB drive which contains Ubuntu Server.
    • Select "Try or Install Ubuntu Server".
    • Follow the guided install to choose your language and region preferences.
    • Select "Ubuntu Server (minimized)".


    • Enter your profile information.


    • [Optional, recommended] Install SSH Server if you want to be able to manage the base OS remotely.


    • Do not install any of the "Featured Server Snaps," Umbrel will install the required versions of it's dependencies, including Docker.
    • Wait for the base OS to finish installing, then reboot the node server.
    • Login with the profile credentials you created.
    • Update and upgrade the server's new install with the following command:
    Code:
    sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade



      Step 3: Install and launch Umbrel:

      If you've gotten this far, you have concluded the most difficult part of our adventure.  The rest is smooth sailing.
      Umbrel provides a script that will perform the install automatically, start Umbrel, and create a service process that will start Umbrel automatically whenever the node server reboots.

      Before we install Umbrel, we'll need to note the IP address of the node server.  There are plenty of ways to obtain the IP address, here's one way:  Once logged into the server type the following command and note the IP address of the machine:
      Code:
      ip add

      The response should look something like this:


      My example above looks a bit funny because I'm using a virtual machine for demonstration purposes.  Typically the hardware issuing your local IP address will be entry number 2 and labeled eno1, and typical local IPs will be 192.168.x.x or 172.16.x.x, not 10.0.2.15 as in my example.

      Now that we have all the information we need, we can install Umbrel.  To do so simply type the following command into your command line, and hit enter (Installing Umbrel requires admin privileges, you will be asked for your password):
      Code:
      curl -L https://umbrel.sh | bash

      The install will take a few minutes.  Once Umbrel is finished installing give it a couple of more minutes for the docker containers to get up and running.  After a few minutes it should be ready to use.  From another device connected to the same network, open a browser window and type in the IP address or the name we assigned to the node server.  In my example above I named my node server "umbrel-node" so I would set this as my URL:
      Code:
      http://umbrel-node:80

      Or you can use the IP address you obtained by running ip add, for example:
      Code:
      http://192.168.100.105:80

      That's it!  Now with a single click you can install applications such as Bitcoin Core, Electrs SPV server, Mempool, and much more using Umbrel's graphical interface.

      Happy (private) Bitcoining!



      Why this is a self-moderated thread:
      Please keep the discussion on the topic of Full Node Operating Systems, including Umbrel, MyNode, RoninDojo, and other full node systems I have not mentioned, and how to run them on a machine with a Linux base OS (including Raspberry Pi.)  Any posts deriding Windows users, shaming people for using Windows, or shaming people for not knowing more about Linux will be deleted without warning.
      9  Economy / Reputation / [Beware!] LDU QUITO on: August 03, 2022, 04:22:31 AM
      This guy is a loose cannon looking for a sucker.  

      User LDU QUITO is very likely the well known scammer Humbertin, who's known to use many alts.

      First, he's asking for a $75 loan in a locked thread!?

      Loan Amount: 75 Usdt
      Loan Purpose: Personal
      Loan Repay Amount: 85 Usdt
      Loan Repay Date: July 27
      Type of Collateral: BTC
      TRC20 - USDT address: TVnrLpPkvyNGCuWLAx3K6nDbtp3vUayzp7

      But, he also claims to have bitcoin for sale;

      I buy Paypal , Skrill , Neteller , Perfect Money and I Pay btc and usdt

      Limits $50 to $400


      Tg @Comer000

      Obviously something isn't adding up.  He also sent me a loan request on Telegram, here's the zip file of the chat export;

      https://drive.google.com/file/d/1nBiHZqjrcEHkGK4NWnw0u57Zj5FZkNjH/view?usp=sharing
      Code:
      -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----

      iQIzBAABCAAdFiEE5uCk8qpATL256qefg7ozyN3KpUcFAmLp8LIACgkQg7ozyN3K
      pUf3kQ/9HZHA+2GpDwvkt/2Xr4LMra0anPgynqt4fYMXgamdE2qUyi26LSC4fjGO
      Tc/VC6yuRONdaFgCXlww8De61iP7f1jPgVf+Wsg8eq4bmVX9z1YEe6UrJA4oqEON
      bQ6smiwF6CZVqegoNLc6bdqGFwnx1QD7PQtZbnQDvc9XQlO1OtA0sQ5kMYQIrFwd
      iiW2ItedyJ8Fngu2+QkUOlwTyrLMJg+zaVuU+dilwcMyoDg2KtXqQC2iYpYzFLW/
      rGtwTlIiQnvOeIJjfy15IAJtMdMcltlWIWp4MO6Ya/VCR4MfP6Lir+OZmUIbQ67Z
      BZfBIm+5gSo3T31qtOna449OqXvcZCyF1ajffjtKZ4wyS1O94GipCAqTU7tapUG8
      UFHk8SybKpugHmO+S4q1ucbYrOtiE8u4ftehEg9o4hVwlKaRQ0oUh6ptuh9HOFKN
      UjTzJaYAgMwAmJIEFiQIM5SUHOFYt5rOH47SJ8WKpFyKcNZ1czzDuSnRHBd/3OF/
      7EwCgrcSgo5gpvHUIQ1M4cFcDc2WJfklAJocWG8WzceFaybf3GyQxo9bh8Navkg5
      BDX7xlcpL0d/QjDCgWCevNQqXfmkv5/5p1ndrUCLaS5zP2s0808RdssJXoB57L5+
      81ba3XTHOmRR3KU/4miJ03cWY4/N6koTH4AYM7oUOcNpw4f3CVQ=
      =1phj
      -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----

      And, here's a screenshot posted by a newbie who allegedly got scammed, where he's using the Telegram handle HumberRoll.



      ~

      Known Telegram accounts:

      Code:
      @HumberRoll
      @Comer000

      He's also using a Telegram account with a hidden username:




      ETA: newbie flag created: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=trust;flag=3016
      10  Bitcoin / Electrum / Help with electrs (romanz) on: August 01, 2022, 01:20:18 AM
      I'm planning on setting up a dedicated steel server some time in the next few months, but before I subscribe to a service I want to experiment with the optimal configuration.  I've been running electrumx for a couple of years now, but that's always been on my own local hardware.  I want to use electrs on the VPS since it has a smaller footprint.

      So, I just compiled and installed electrs Electrum Server on a small pc, but it won't accept a connection from the client.  I'm hoping another set of eyes (or twenty) will be able to point out my issue.  The system.slice is loaded and active, and the electrs database is caught up to the current block height.  Everything on the server side seems fine, but I have no monitoring turned on, and I did not compile electrs with Prometheus enabled.  That last bit might be something worth doing for a dedicated server...

      Anyway, if you guys can help figure out what I'm doing wrong I would appreciate it.

      Rig: i5, 16gb ram
      OS: Ubuntu Server 22.04
      Bitcoin Core: 23.0
      UFW enabled, port 50001 open

      system.slice:
      Code:
      direwolf@<redacted>:~$ sudo systemctl status electrs.service
      ● electrs.service - Electrs
           Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/electrs.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
           Active: active (running) since Sun 2022-07-31 13:13:24 PDT; 4h 40min ago
         Main PID: 22195 (electrs)
            Tasks: 14 (limit: 18999)
           Memory: 5.8G
              CPU: 4h 28min 19.688s
           CGroup: /system.slice/electrs.service
                   └─22195 /usr/local/bin/electrs/electrs --conf /etc/electrs.toml

      Jul 31 16:48:35 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-07-31T23:48:35.371Z INFO  electrs::db] starting spending compaction
      Jul 31 17:07:11 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:07:11.927Z INFO  electrs::db] finished full compaction
      Jul 31 17:07:22 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:07:22.707Z INFO  electrs::index] indexing 5 blocks: [747424..747428]
      Jul 31 17:07:22 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:07:22.746Z INFO  electrs::chain] chain updated: tip=0000000000000000000102ee34134eb3e00b8167fbf111f46af1a9c8c33c7709, height=747428
      Jul 31 17:14:04 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:14:04.985Z INFO  electrs::index] indexing 1 blocks: [747429..747429]
      Jul 31 17:14:05 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:14:05.037Z INFO  electrs::chain] chain updated: tip=0000000000000000000538eb4cf7e4bf5d127bfac7a110c59310e49f9195b6bf, height=747429
      Jul 31 17:16:55 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:16:55.695Z INFO  electrs::index] indexing 1 blocks: [747430..747430]
      Jul 31 17:16:55 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:16:55.719Z INFO  electrs::chain] chain updated: tip=00000000000000000002a41cba7cf1c6332d722759bcae2d0cc7798613536a02, height=747430
      Jul 31 17:47:09 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:47:09.559Z INFO  electrs::index] indexing 1 blocks: [747431..747431]
      Jul 31 17:47:09 <redacted> electrs[22195]: [2022-08-01T00:47:09.611Z INFO  electrs::chain] chain updated: tip=000000000000000000054d287d33b81dc818103e9473f5d21e86c0c24fcb00ef, height=747431

      My electrs configuration file:
      Code:
      daemon_p2p_addr = "127.0.0.1:8333"
      daemon_rpc_addr = "127.0.0.1:8332"
      auth = "<rpcuser>:<rpcpassword>"
      daemon_dir = "/var/lib/bitcoind"
      db_dir = "/var/lib/electrs"
      network = "bitcoin"
      electrum_rpc_addr = "127.0.0.1:50001"
      log_filters = "INFO"
      11  Bitcoin / Hardware wallets / Coinkite ColdCard Mk4 Review on: July 11, 2022, 06:59:24 PM
      It's been a little over a month since I received my ColdCard Mk4, and I'd like to share my thoughts, opinions and observations here.  I purchased the ColdCard Mk4 with my own money, I was not offered a discount nor did I receive any promotional pricing of any type.  I have no affiliation with Coinkite, I have had no communication with them since my purchase, nor have they offered any incentive for making this post.


      tl;dr

      If you can get over the fact that the firmware is not open-source, this is the most feature filled and among the most secure hardware wallet I've ever used.  It's not the most user-friendly or newbie-friendly wallet I've used, but for the experienced bitcoin maximalist, I do recommend it.

      I am a bitcoin maximalist and the ColdCard is a Bitcoin Only hardware wallet, but I do wish they would integrate support for Monero's official wallet.


      Price

      The price of the ColdCard as compared to the competition:

      • Trezor Model One:   $77
      • Ledger Nano S+:   $83
      • Ledger Nano X:   $157
      • ColdCard:   $158
      • Foundation Passport:   $249
      • Trezor Model T:   $280

      At the time of writing this review the ColdCard costs $158, which puts it in the bracket of moderately priced competitor models, and nearly identical to the Ledger Nano X.  Despite it's price being roughly twice that of a Trezor One, I think it's still a good value given it's many features which I'll touch on below.


      Purchase

      The purchasing process directly from Coinkite was easy, and secure.  When I ordered the Mk4 it was on backorder, but I received it within three weeks of reserving mine.  The wallet arrived in a non-descript cardboard box, with no indication that it had anything to do with cryptocurrency, other than the return address.  There were no accessories included with the wallet, other than a couple of stickers, and a card for a mnemonic seed phrase.  A USB-C cable is required to power up the device, which again is not included.

       


      Form

      The wallet it's self is a very simple design, intentionally meant to look like a 90's vintage calculator that you got for free when opening your first checking account.  An uneducated thief looking for items of value wouldn't give it a second look.  The clear plastic housing is a cool look in my opinion; however I do believe a flat black option would further the intent of making it look like a cheap calculator.

      The injection molded plastic housing is upgraded from the Mk3 in that it includes a protective cover for the keypad and screen.  The fit of the cover is secure, both on the front and the back where it stows away neatly during use.  The overall quality and feel of the device seems solid and practical.

       


      Function and Quality

      Functionally, the wallet has some minor issues that are more annoyances rather than issues.  The keypad buttons are deeply set within the housing and my fat fingers have trouble getting in there at times.  Another observation is that as I scroll through some of the function pages if I start pressing a bit too quickly the scroll function doesn't keep up.  Again, I find these to be relatively minor observations.  It's worth noting, however that the only other wallet within my realm of consideration that has a physical keypad is the Passport which costs $90 more.  With the even more expensive Trezor Model T's touchscreen I tend to be prone to mistakes.  Again I blame my fat fingers.  So, even with the minor observations regarding the keypad, in contrast with the competition a full number pad of real buttons is a welcome feature.

      The other hardware functionality seems pretty solid.  The USB-C connection is solid feeling, and so is the slot for the micro-SD card.  The screen is on the small side, but the font is bright, clear, and large enough for me to see without issues.


      Security

      Now if it's one thing I've learned about trusted vendors and services within the crypto world, it's easily summed up by a Russian proverb that was made famous in the US by Ronald Reagan in 1987; doveryay, no proveryay (trust, but verify.)  So I'll take this opportunity to note again that the ColdCard is bult with source code for firmware that is licensed as common clause, not open-source.  The firmware is open for peer review, but cannot be forked or distributed.  Of course verification is possible, and verifying your transactions is always recommended.  Any bitcoin transaction can and should be verified prior to signing, and again prior to broadcasting.

      Discounting the the controversies around common-clause licensed firmware, the wallet strikes me as a brick house in terms of security.  It includes the typical features one would expect; 24-word seeds, complex passphrases with full keyboard of special characters, and control over derivation paths for multiple, less prominent wallets. It also has a special configuration for entering PINs which I find to be more secure than the more common methods.  It can also create a fake pin to use when under "duress," and even allows a special configuration of the duress PIN which, when entered will result in the device being bricked.

      As would be expected, the Bip39 passphrases (extensions) are entered on the device, and only stored while the device remains powered up and logged in.  An automatic logoff timer can be set, so if you must step away from the device for a few minutes it'll automatically log itself off.


      Privacy

      This category is where I believe the ColdCard sets itself apart from the competition.  Due to the simplicity with which it can generate new, unaffiliated addresses, multiple HD wallets, and integration with Bitcoin Core the device makes it very simple to prioritize your privacy, and give you tools to make it easy.  I will discuss these features more in the next section.


      Features

      The ColdCard is full of neat features that help the use remain safe and private.  Here are some of the ones I find useful:
      • Bip85 sub-seed generator
      • Paper Wallet generator
      • Optional USB connectivity
      • Wallet file generator for popular desktop clients
      • Multiple user accounts
      • Simplified backups

      Most of the items I've listed above are, as far as I know, unique to the ColdCard.  Most are also self-explanatory, but I will touch on the Bip85 feature here because knowledge of its existence is new to me, and it's super cool.  With this feature you can generate any number of mnemonic seed phrases, WIF HD seeds, and standard single-address private keys.  These keys are derived from your master seed, so as long as you've backed up your master seed phrase, you'll always have the ability to restore any of the derived seeds and keys.  For example, you can generate a 12 or 24-word seed phrase that's derived from your master seed to use for a hot wallet and if you choose to not write it down, no big deal.  You can always use the ColdCard with the same master seed to retrieve the hot wallet seed.

      The Bip85 feature along with the single key generator can help improve privacy by creating wallets that are unaffiliated with your main wallet but can be recovered later if needed.  It is worth noting that the "Paper Wallet" generator creates random keys that are not backed up by your master seed.

      The other feature I want to touch on is the optional USB connectivity.  ColdCard models prior to the Mk4 did not include this feature, they had no method of connecting to a host device (PC or phone) through the USB port.  They relied on transferring data through the use of the micro SD card.  The Mk4 can be used the same way, but it also provides the option to use USB connectivity so the wallet can work similar to other, more typical hardware wallets, i.e., it can be paired to a desktop client to sign transactions directly.  

      Another feature it includes is the option to enable 4 megabytes of integral volatile storage.  This can be used to transfer wallet files generated by the ColdCard or save PSBTs generated on the host.  This storage is non-persistent and is lost once the device is logged off or powered off.


      Conclusion

      The bottom line about the ColdCard, or just about any purchase can be summed up with one question; would I buy it again?  The answer is a resounding "Yes!"

      I am of the opinion that all crypto currency wallets, hardware or otherwise should be open-source primarily for trust and transparency purposes.  I do find the ColdCard to be secure and practical hardware wallet.  All in all, I think it is a great tool for any bitcoin maximalist.

      12  Other / Meta / [POLL] DT2 Status; how many net inclusions should it take? on: June 24, 2022, 02:57:10 PM
      I'm just curious about what you folks think.

      Currently, only one DT1 inclusion is required for a member to be included in DT2 status.  In fact, a net score of 0 inclusions is all that is required, for example:  If Alice and Bob are both on DT1, and Alice includes Claire while Bob excludes Claire, Claire will be left with a net score of 0 DT1 inclusions, but that's all that is required for Claire to gain DT2 status.  In this example Claire's reviews will be displayed as "Trusted Feedback" if the user viewing the forum has the default Trust System settings.

      Of course anyone can change their own Trust System settings, including the trusted depth of your included members' inclusions.  This is a good way to customize how you see "Trusted Feedback."  However, this is not something most newbies do when they first join the forum.  I don't know what percentage of members use custom trust lists, but I suspect it's on the low side of total active members.

      I have mentioned my opinion about this in the past, but I'd rather not sway the voting by expressing it in this post.  I do encourage anyone with an opinion to share it here.
      13  Other / Off-topic / mnightwaffle's car problems on: June 20, 2022, 08:59:31 PM
      My car has some type of electrical problem or faulty install and it's going to be a few days until I can get it diagnosed properly. Battery keeps getting drained and it's not the alternator.
      So I have to rent a car for work. $200 should cover the rental for the next few days.

      Check the blinker fluid.  Cheesy

      I'm not kidding.  It sounds like you've got a component shorted out and that's what is draining your battery.  I had the same symptoms with my ex-wife's Volvo several years ago.  I had driven the car to the grocery store, and some kid rear-ended me in the parking lot.  I looked the car over and saw no visible damage, so I waved him off and we went about our merry way.

      The following winter the car's battery would drain over-night.  I would charge it, load-test it, checked the alternator, no issues whatsoever.  Same thing the next morning...  WTF?  Finally I notice one of the break lights was dimmer than the other, and upon taking a closer look I saw that it was about 2/3 full of water, lol.  So yeah, check the blinker fluid.
      14  Other / Meta / Trouble posting images? on: June 20, 2022, 07:27:52 PM
      Is anyone else having trouble loading images the past few weeks?

      I usually use imgbb.com for hosting images, and lately I've noticed the "Bitcointalk.org Image Proxy: Invalid Image" warning pop up frequently.  The problem is inconsistent, sometimes the image is displayed fine, other times the image won't load.

      Should I not be using imgbb.com, or is there something else going on?
      15  Economy / Goods / [AUCTION] Hardware Wallets; Ledger Nano X, Nano S, KeepKey on: June 04, 2022, 07:27:29 PM
      USPS Priority Mail shipping to anywhere in the United States is included.  For international shipping please contact MinerJones.
      All accessories and documentation are included unless otherwise noted.

        Auction format and rules:
      • Auction will run for ~5 days; until Wednesday June 9, 2022, 19:00 GMT.
      • Please do not bid unless you can make payment within 24 hours of the auction end time.
      • Each lot is to be bid on separately.
      • Bids are to be made in 0.05mBTC (0.00005 BTCitcoin) increments, for example:
        • Lot 2 - 0.05mBTC
        • Lot 3 - 0.15mBTC
      • No sniping; 15 minutes will be added to the time of any bid made within the last 15 minutes of the auction.
      • Have fun.

      The M14 receiver heal is not for sale.
      Payments here: bc1q2nwf4njwkpeuyycx5a95nj6mf8m45djdk863xs
      Escrow welcome.




      Lot 1: Ledger Nano X
      Starting bid: 0.00mBTC




      Lot 2: Ledger Nano S
      Starting bid: 0.00mBTC




      Lot 3: KeepKey.  New, unopened.
      Starting bid: 0.00mBTC




      Lot 4: KeepKey.  No cable or documentation included.
      Starting bid: 0.00mBTC



      16  Bitcoin / Electrum / Electrum 4.2.2 Released on: May 28, 2022, 06:41:37 PM
      Electrum just released a new version, 4.2.2.  One of the "issues" they fixed wasn't actually an issue with Electrum, but rather an issue with a the crappy KeepKey hardware wallet.

      # Release 4.2.2 - (May 27, 2022)
       * Lightning:
         - watching onchain outputs: significant perf. improvements (#7781)
         - enforce relative order of some msgs during chan reestablishment,
           lack of which can lead to unwanted force-closures (#7830)
         - fix: in case of a force-close containing incoming HTLCs, we were
           redeeming all HTLCs that we know the preimage for. This might
           publish the preimage of an incomplete MPP. (1a5ef554, e74e9d8e)
       * Hardware wallets:
         - smarter pairing during sign_transaction (238619f1)
         - keepkey: fix pairing with device using a workaround (#7779)
       * fix AppImage failing to run on certain systems (#7784)
       * fix "Automated BIP39 recovery" not scanning change paths (#7804)
       * bypass network proxy for localhost electrum server (#3126)

      As you can see from the release notes above (emphasis mine,) the pairing issue with KeepKey has been fixed "using a workaround."  How do I know the issue is with the hardware wallet, and not Electrum?  The same pairing problem is endemic with the KeepKey and any desktop client I've tried.  The same problem with pairing is present with KeepKey's own bootloader and firmware update client.  The issue started after a firmware update roughly 2 years ago (IIRC,) and until now KeepKey has been unable to resolve their issue.  In order to pair a KeepKey with desktop clients one would have to run the application with administrator privileges.

      I just tried the new version with one of my KeepKey HW wallets, and it pairs up smooth as silk.  Kudos to the Electrum team for stepping up and taking care of their supporters.
      17  Other / Archival / [WTS] Hardware Wallets; Ledger Nano X, Nano S, KeepKey on: May 28, 2022, 08:05:18 AM
      All prices include shipping anywhere in the United States, for international or discrete shipping please contact MinerJones.
      All accessories and documentation are included unless otherwise noted.

      The M14 receiver heal is not for sale.
      Payments here: bc1q2nwf4njwkpeuyycx5a95nj6mf8m45djdk863xs
      Or, if you prefer we can use escrow.




      Ledger Nano X
      $100 -




      Ledger Nano S
      $40 -




      KeepKey.  New, unopened.
      $35 -




      KeepKey.  No cable or documentation included.
      $20 -



      18  Economy / Currency exchange / [H] Revolute $159 USD [W] BTC on: May 22, 2022, 03:12:06 AM
      I have $159 USD in my Revolute wallet and want to trade it for BTC.  1:1 trade, at current Preev price.  You send first unless you're a trusted trader.

      Funding address: bc1q4rtlk2y2kc9ehhvunv0qzs469kpujwl6k4a3y8

      Code:
      -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
      Hash: SHA256

      21 MAY 2022
      This is DireWolfM14@bitcointalk.org with the following trade offer:

      I have $159 USD in my Revolute wallet and want to trade it for BTC.  1:1 trade, at current Preev price.  You send first unless you're a trusted trader.

      Funding address: bc1q4rtlk2y2kc9ehhvunv0qzs469kpujwl6k4a3y8
      -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----

      iQIzBAEBCAAdFiEE5uCk8qpATL256qefg7ozyN3KpUcFAmKJpH4ACgkQg7ozyN3K
      pUdDKRAAu5pL7jve+94flKhAT971ksLS26iQmQh7m2NdDfGZEgiHKALQ/0mHrTvj
      xE+TxJwyiWkjmEm1EFSOWlV02xPzai9EkyoVWryCUY6DU6DWfwbdJsG4y42rTFnt
      vscFhqZo02XAEFaS/NwNNbGyjXIwK6ivNQXlvY/n3MP8lKJQsTsCynNqkjokvkU4
      61RcH9kvviaFfr1h2FIJ92qVYWIcIg7MkkvnPQuTm0mjSGczMFhtYktG6xyYUBcC
      UbODD+1LY9x+iGcrLiJcBoNI+Oceafbyzl6pG7EyRD2XPtmauvwDWfZrurF3TGnU
      2kNgouaL5uFG7qG1MIeOWDhrBvWT1WBJ00aPQ3HLHYD3zK5HZaIUhKrx5Lrv3iQg
      0aBvUkPJ7W18+ZiH9BRiQY1l/npF5Ujig6geR820rI+0r6tnljRuEXcBUOWXR0LF
      o6slQ4XWbDt8IYyxgYjVfoFldKymXhUB/T3qbSKdqhsSA5w9UlA90gKvW81AG25M
      xjRhHIOf4LsmZ9l8imBz/2vVuPBTjWQAeCvzLHHN/iHwiQXJdNQlK5BdxLELxXbb
      rlcy/pBSVflk77Ry6gLlvaIIZr9NEbFCjYsjwk+MD6Cq5HhDKLyUp0IZAyqQNVNQ
      /6LhM84bxCQNubpzfZ0z49/Xvr/nU+LJeKPqd5XGTVzwk982/48=
      =HdRM
      -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
      19  Economy / Scam Accusations / Scam Alert! on: May 16, 2022, 05:38:47 PM
      Don't fall for this:

      To mark the second anniversary of providing top-notch services to our loyal customers, BNAX is pleased to announce a free trading bonus of 100$ in BTC.

      Follow these 3 easy steps to claim your bonus:
      1. Register on BNAX . com with invite code ó ZH29JJF
      2. Verify your account
      3. Buy or sell BTC for any amount
      Done (bonus will be credited automatically within the next 14 days)

      This promotion works as follows. All traders who buy 100$ worth of Bitcoin with one trade are eligible to claim as much. When you claim this bonus, it will be credited automatically to your Bitcoin account on BNAX within the next 14 days. After receiving the bonus, you are free to use it for trading as you see fit.

      The bonus as well as all profits generated from it can be withdrawn at any time.

      The promotion applies only to those who have a trading account with BNAX. The bonus can be granted only one time per unique customer. If BNAX determines that a customer has used or tried to abuse the bonus, BNAX reserves the right to refuse, suspend, or withdraw the bonus from the customerís balance, as well as the right to forfeit any trading bonus already granted to that customer.

      This bonus is intended to help both new and veteran traders boost their trading activity and try out different trading strategies on BNAX. It is an excellent opportunity for traders to get extra funds to leverage the advantages that the exchange offers.

      Donít forget to follow our announcements so that you donít miss any bonuses and promotions that are coming next!

      BNAX Europe Limited is a global premier cryptocurrency exchange supporting over 100 cryptocurrencies with a trading volume exceeding 1$ billion and totalling more than 1 million users worldwide.

      This user has been absent since August of 2019, and previously posted only in Russian.  Now he's woken up and spamming this drivel (written in nearly perfect English) all over the forum.  The site he's spamming for has a splash page that warns you about scams, lol.  Then you'll notice the "exchange" that's selling bitcoin for about 10% more than any legit exchange.  If this were real, people would deposit shitcoins, exchange them for bitcoin, rinse, lather, repeat.

      The $100 bonus is obviously a ruse to get you to deposit your money, and wait two weeks so all your friends whom you referred will have the chance to get scammed also.
      20  Other / Politics & Society / 2000 Mules on: May 10, 2022, 04:58:37 PM
      A movie by Dinesh D'Souza called 2000 Mules (2022) has just been released, and attempts to expose the concerted effort to thwart the 2020 presidential election.

      I know this has been discussed here before, and all the power in the universe came down hard on all those promoting "conspiracy theories" about the validity of the 2020 election.  The real conspiracy was the effort by the media to marginalize anyone who sided with Trump as a conspiracy theorist.  The far-left leaning operatives of Democratic party colluded with the media to squash any attempt at rational discussion.  Any one questioning the validity of the election was written off as a right-wing nut-job conspiracy theorist, and subsequently ignored.  All the "Fact Checking" seemed to diminish the value of real, hard evidence that there was a criminal effort to steer the election away from Trump.

      Now this move shows just how real the threat to our elections really is.  Not to fear, however, the misinformation machine is already in full swing with more "Fact Checking," excuse making, and deflection.  Just do a quick google search for "2000 Mules" and enjoy the hair-raising vacillations of leftist operatives.

      So now, we have at least two verified methods used by the Media and the DNC to steal the 2020 election: The killing of the Laptop story in October 2020, and the far-reaching evidence of mass-voter fraud.  The Criminal Enterprise known as the Democratic Party needs to be stopped.

      I have a feeling we'll soon be hearing about Georgia, Mariposa County, and Dominion Voting Machines again in the near future.  But, don't expect those headlines to trump the January 6th "insurrection" as a "threat to our democracy."
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