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Author Topic: [November 2016] Bitcoin Mining Datacenters by the Megawatt  (Read 17112 times)
armedmilitia
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January 15, 2016, 05:38:32 AM
 #1

This is an index of publicly known industrial-scale mining operations across the globe.


Disclaimers:
Because I want to list as many things as possible, this thread has a low standard of proof. Some of the operators listed below may be unethical, scammy, nonexistent, or have rituals where they sacrifice innocent children--I don't care about that, I just want to make a list.

Note that there are likely many (secret) mines that aren't listed here.
Check out this thread instead if you're looking to host hardware.

Operational Mines:
60MW | BW/ANTPOOL | Unnamed | Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China
Note: Power draw is an estimate based off their claim of 100PH, I assumed 0.6W/GH given that this was Feb 2015. Any of you guys have information about this one?
Here's an interesting paper that explains perhaps why this large datacenter is in this region.
Source: http://qntra.net/2015/02/inside-the-bitcoin-mine-of-antpool-bw-com/

40MW | BITFURY | Tbilisi Technology Park Free Industrial Zone | Tbilisi, Georgia
Source: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20151211005837/en/BitFury-Launch-Energy-Efficient-Immersion-Cooling-Data

25MW | HAOBTC | Unnamed | Tibetan Autonomous Region, China
Note: Their official bitcointalk account has claimed a hashrate of 72PH and capacity of 25MW as of 2016-06-10.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1328580.msg15158126#msg15158126

25MW | Lee Group | Unnamed | Chengdu City, Sichuan province, China
Note: It was stated they their farm was expandable to 25MW about a year ago, so it's likely they are around the high end of that range by now.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=934581.0

10MW | BITFURY | Unnamed | Gori, Georgia
Source: http://www.coindesk.com/bitfury-details-100-million-georgia-data-center/

10MW | C7 | "N-0.5 design" | Utah, USA
Source: http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2014/07/10/massive-bitcoin-mines-spring-up-in-warehouses/2/

6MW | Great North Data | Lab City | Labrador City, Labrador, Canada
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1328580.msg16915395#msg16915395

>5MW | Verne Global | "Hybrid Data Center" | Kevlavik, Iceland
Note: This is where Genesis Mining runs their hardware (I think)
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1328580.msg17010137#msg17010137

5MW | Hashrate.biz | Secret Name | Quebec, Canada
Source: PM from the owner, he had some pics that I wish I could post here.  Smiley

4MW | MegaBigPower | Unnamed | Washington State, USA
Note: This is the facility from this youtube video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ELA91d_mx80
Note 2: Although MBP claimed to be building a 32MW and 12MW mine, they never materialized
Source: http://megabigpower.com/themine
Screenshot: http://i.imgur.com/jjXXCMW.png

4MW | Telco 214 | Unnamed | Labrador, Canada
Note: Some napkin math with blocks found from November 13th-27th puts this miner at ~22PH/s, which makes 4MW a plausible amount of capacity.
Source: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1328580.msg17010137#msg17010137

3MW | Zoomhash | Unnamed | USA
Note: This may be rented space in a larger datacenter.
Source: http://zoomhash.com/pages/hosting

1.3MW | ASICSPACE | Unnamed | Washington, USA
Source: http://www.asicspace.com/pictures-of-our-data-center/

>1MW | Great North Data | Goose Bay | Goose Bay, Labrador, Canada
Source: http://greatnorthdata.com/

>1MW | Hashplex | Unnamed | Washington/Seattle, USA (I need more data)
Source: https://hashplex.com/frequently-asked-questions/

>1MW | Oregon Mines | Unnamed | The Dalles, OR, USA
Source: https://www.oregonmines.com/

1MW | Bitcoin ASIC Hosting | Unnamed | Douglas County, WA, USA
Note: Second site is being spun up, so they will have greater capacity in coming months.
Source: http://www.bitcoinasichosting.com/

0.75MW| Toomin Brothers | Unnamed | Pacific Northwest, USA
Source: http://toom.im/

0.75MW | Hashrate.biz | Secret Name | Quebec, Canada
Source: PM from the owner, he had some pics that I wish I could post here.  Smiley

0.64MW| JeffColo | Unnamed | Portland, OR
Source: [Citation Needed]

0.58MW| Cryptominer Canada | DC0001 & DC0002 | 2x in Joliette, Quebec, Canada
Source: https://cryptominer.ca/page/hosting

Dead Mines:
20MW | KnC | Unnamed | Boden, Sweden
Note: KnC is bankrupt. It doesn't look like they're finding blocks anymore, so this facility is presumed dead.
Source: http://www.pcworld.com/article/3014471/bitcoin-miner-knc-is-planning-another-four-week-datacenter-build-out.html

20MW | KnC | Boden 2 |  Boden, Sweden
Note: KnC is bankrupt. It doesn't look like they're finding blocks anymore, so this facility is presumed dead.
Source: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/knc-miner-will-build-new-20mw-data-center-node-pole/

10MW | KnC | Unnamed | Boden, Sweden (probably)
Note: KnC is bankrupt. It doesn't look like they're finding blocks anymore, so this facility is presumed dead..
Source: http://www.allied-control.com/publications/Analysis_of_Large-Scale_Bitcoin_Mining_Operations.pdf

10MW | BlockC | Unnamed | San Francisco, CA, USA (probably)
Note: RIP BlockC. You never proved you actually had the hashrate, but you definitely proved you couldn't stay in business.
Source: blockc.co

3MW | Spondoolies/BTCS | Unnamed | North Carolina, USA
Note: RIP Spondoolies, this is probably shut down.

TL;DR: Hashrate is concentrated in China, Georgia, the Western US, and Northeastern Canada.

If you host 300KW or more of hardware, or know someone who does, feel free to post here! I could use some help.

Always use escrow. OgNasty is pretty sweet.

Help me out with compiling a list of mining datacenters!
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January 15, 2016, 05:46:53 AM
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Nice idea. Will follow this thread to see where the power come from  Grin

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January 15, 2016, 06:02:59 AM
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10MW | KnC | Unnamed | Sweden
Note: Does anyone know where in Sweden this is?
Is Sweden like near Antarctica or something?  Tongue

But awesome list. Crazy to see how many farms there are using that much power.

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January 15, 2016, 06:04:19 AM
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What percentage of the overall MW do you think is with home/retail miners ?

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armedmilitia
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January 15, 2016, 06:22:34 AM
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Since the OP I've dug up two more mines: Cryptominer Canada run by maximeAD and the Lee Group datacenter. I was considering adding genesis-mining but they provide no specs on their datacenter.

10MW | KnC | Unnamed | Sweden
Note: Does anyone know where in Sweden this is?
Is Sweden like near Antarctica or something?  Tongue

But awesome list. Crazy to see how many farms there are using that much power.

Yeah, but when you get down to it 128MW are owned by one entity--which also happens to be the entity that claims to have the most efficient chips. That's kinda scary!

What percentage of the overall MW do you think is with home/retail miners ?

Very little. Most hobbyist miners colocate now unless they can score power for less than $0.06/USD/kwh, otherwise they save money by letting other people take care of their hardware for them. I'd say (and this is a total guess) at most 3MW are being run in homes/businesses. Everything else is probably in datacenters.

Always use escrow. OgNasty is pretty sweet.

Help me out with compiling a list of mining datacenters!
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January 15, 2016, 06:37:51 AM
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Since the OP I've dug up two more mines: Cryptominer Canada run by maximeAD and the Lee Group datacenter. I was considering adding genesis-mining but they provide no specs on their datacenter.

10MW | KnC | Unnamed | Sweden
Note: Does anyone know where in Sweden this is?
Is Sweden like near Antarctica or something?  Tongue

But awesome list. Crazy to see how many farms there are using that much power.

Yeah, but when you get down to it 128MW are owned by one entity--which also happens to be the entity that claims to have the most efficient chips. That's kinda scary!

I find it very scary aswell they seem to be only one pumping out next gen and if they have specs that were reported they are making a killing.  Also they chances will ROI on a lot of machines before other companies even get next gen chips.   So when they have ROI'ed and rest is pure profit... that is really scary as what do they do?

My fear is they sell tons of BTC and drag down price.     I hope that does not happen though.
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January 15, 2016, 07:37:50 AM
 #7

it would be nice to have some info, on the maximum megawatt that their location can handle, so they will be forced in the end to split in two or more location

which means better decentralization
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January 15, 2016, 07:39:47 AM
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I'm pretty sure that MegaBigPower's mine has grown quite a bit, or they've added additional facilities.

 I believe Zoomhash also has a biggish mine in the same area, given they're shipping the used A2 units they have for sale out of there. No clue on size though.
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January 15, 2016, 08:07:09 AM
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it would be nice to have some info, on the maximum megawatt that their location can handle, so they will be forced in the end to split in two or more location

which means better decentralization

If it's still owned by the same group of people it's not decentralized.

I'm pretty sure that MegaBigPower's mine has grown quite a bit, or they've added additional facilities.
Turns out that MBP and hashplex share space in this datacenter:
http://www.newsbtc.com/2014/05/30/data-centers-join-bitcoin-train/
http://www.serverfarmrealty.com/data-centers/titan/

Assuming 60% is used for hosted mining hardware, and the rest is used for other clients--4MW. It seems to line up with this next article I found which is the motherlode:
http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2014/11/05/bitcoin-clusters-emerge-in-cloud-computings-footprints/

It reveals that MBP was building a 23MW center and was eyeing another location with 12MW capacity. Another (unlisted so far) NA based hosting company in that article that has 4.5MW of capacity.
I believe Zoomhash also has a biggish mine in the same area, given they're shipping the used A2 units they have for sale out of there. No clue on size though.

Good one!
http://zoomhash.com/pages/hosting

That's another 3MW accounted for.

I'm off to sleep but I'll be updating the OP tomorrow.

Always use escrow. OgNasty is pretty sweet.

Help me out with compiling a list of mining datacenters!
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January 15, 2016, 08:10:17 AM
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KNC are a reasonably open company about their mine rollout plans.  Another 20 MW rollout.

http://www.pcworld.com/article/3014471/bitcoin-miner-knc-is-planning-another-four-week-datacenter-build-out.html

Also recent Sam Cole interview talking in detail about mining and KNCs search for cheap mining locations.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDnA6i6oEvA

Washington State has a stack of miners to the extent it is impacting the cheap electricity.

http://www.govtech.com/dc/articles/High-Capacity-Data-Centers-Blindsided-by-Increase-in-Utilities-Charges.html

And who knows what is in China.  Bitfury are likely to be mining on their 16nm chip as fast as they can get them.

Just a comment.  A nominal X Megwatt Bitcoin Data Centre is only likely to run at the most 60% of capacity for actual mining. There are overheads (cooling etc) and electrical systems and transformers are normally kept at under 80% of capacity.


armedmilitia
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January 15, 2016, 08:15:16 AM
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Just a comment.  A nominal X Megwatt Bitcoin Data Centre is only likely to run at the most 60% of capacity for actual mining. There are overheads (cooling etc) and electrical systems and transformers are normally kept at under 80% of capacity.

Thanks for the info, I'll use it when I update the OP tomorrow.

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Help me out with compiling a list of mining datacenters!
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January 15, 2016, 08:42:02 AM
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Great! My company is there Smiley. I have to try going up in the list!

Very nice summary.

There's also allinvain with Cryptoboreas in Labrador. Don't know the size of their datacenter though.

http://cryptominer.ca - Canadian miner hosting (600 kW+ datacenters)
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January 15, 2016, 08:10:12 PM
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Big update!

I've added quite a few more datacenters, I've almost doubled the total "accounted for" MW since the OP. How many MW do you all think the network uses in total? It could help me with my pie charts.

Great! My company is there Smiley. I have to try going up in the list!

Very nice summary.

There's also allinvain with Cryptoboreas in Labrador. Don't know the size of their datacenter though.

Do you have a name for your datacenters?

Cryptoboreas is too small too be listed IIRC, it looks like they have 150KW of capacity.

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January 15, 2016, 08:20:17 PM
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Do you have a name for your datacenters?

Unfortunately no. DC0001 and DC0002... (If we look my naming convention, I'm ready to open 9999 datacenters...  Roll Eyes)

http://cryptominer.ca - Canadian miner hosting (600 kW+ datacenters)
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January 15, 2016, 08:22:51 PM
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Works for me, I've added it.
My standards for names are low.

Always use escrow. OgNasty is pretty sweet.

Help me out with compiling a list of mining datacenters!
armedmilitia
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January 15, 2016, 10:22:06 PM
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Update:

Added Zoomhash and HaoBTC. China just passed 100MW.

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January 15, 2016, 10:37:49 PM
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At the Princeton course about Bitcoin & Blockchain Technologies, a whole lecture was given on the bitcoin network energy consumption, so I thought you guys would be interested in some of the methodology used to assert Bitcoin´s power consumption:

*Using Landauer principle, that says that any non-reversible computation must consume a minimum amount of energy (Kt in 2) Joules---SHA256 is a non-reversible form of computation---Energy consumption is inevitable, we did input the embodied energy (used to make the hardware, and decrease over time), plus cooling energy (costs more/less with an increased scale), and the electrical energy (increase over time).

Using that information, plus an average industrial electricity value, gave us:
UPPER BOUND: 900 MW TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION (all $ is used to pay for electricity, all pay the same for electricity)
LOWER BOUND: 150MW (everyone mines at maximum efficiency).

Then we used this as comparison:

How much is a MW?

Three Gorges Dam: generates 10,000MW

Typical Coal fired plant: 2,000MW
Typical power plant: 4,000MW

It takes less than what a typical power plant generates to run the entire Bitcoin network. Plus, ALL payment systems requiere energy by design.

http://i164.photobucket.com/albums/u5/macpepe2000/bitcoin/Screenshot%202016-01-15%2016.30.23_zpswjuegnyl.png
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January 16, 2016, 01:37:44 AM
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At the Princeton course about Bitcoin & Blockchain Technologies, a whole lecture was given on the bitcoin network energy consumption, so I thought you guys would be interested in some of the methodology used to assert Bitcoin´s power consumption:

*Using Landauer principle, that says that any non-reversible computation must consume a minimum amount of energy (Kt in 2) Joules---SHA256 is a non-reversible form of computation---Energy consumption is inevitable, we did input the embodied energy (used to make the hardware, and decrease over time), plus cooling energy (costs more/less with an increased scale), and the electrical energy (increase over time).

Using that information, plus an average industrial electricity value, gave us:
UPPER BOUND: 900 MW TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION (all $ is used to pay for electricity, all pay the same for electricity)
LOWER BOUND: 150MW (everyone mines at maximum efficiency).

Then we used this as comparison:

How much is a MW?

Three Gorges Dam: generates 10,000MW

Typical Coal fired plant: 2,000MW
Typical power plant: 4,000MW

It takes less than what a typical power plant generates to run the entire Bitcoin network. Plus, ALL payment systems requiere energy by design.



I'm not sure what was presented in the course or if you understood it correctly, however, while SHA256 is not a reversible algorithm, the process of attempting to mine a block is almost entirely reversible.  One can do an entire computation until one succeeds, copy out the nonce (and extra nonce), and then reverse the entire computation.  The only energy required is that required to copy out the answer. Of course, today there is no efficient implementation of the necessary reversible logic, but there are no principles of physics that require bitcoin mining to consume energy. That's a problem of technology and engineering, not physics.

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January 16, 2016, 08:54:59 AM
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How much is a MW?

Three Gorges Dam: generates 10,000MW


 There are appx. 10 major power dams on the Columbia river in Washington State, at about 2500MW EACH.
 IIRC Grant County PUC has one, the others are more-or-less evenly split between Chelan and Douglas county PUCs.


 I am pretty sure this makes the Tenessee Valley Authority total output look puny....


 Coal power plants vary a lot - local power company is building a 600MW unit, anticipating it comming online in 2017.

 Natural gas power plants vary a lot - older ones tend to be smaller - but some of the newer ones can pull ballpark 100MW per turbine.
 They're also getting common in areas that have good access to natural gas, due to environmental concerns and low cost.
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January 16, 2016, 12:03:30 PM
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At the Princeton course about Bitcoin & Blockchain Technologies, a whole lecture was given on the bitcoin network energy consumption, so I thought you guys would be interested in some of the methodology used to assert Bitcoin´s power consumption:

*Using Landauer principle, that says that any non-reversible computation must consume a minimum amount of energy (Kt in 2) Joules---SHA256 is a non-reversible form of computation---Energy consumption is inevitable, we did input the embodied energy (used to make the hardware, and decrease over time), plus cooling energy (costs more/less with an increased scale), and the electrical energy (increase over time).

Using that information, plus an average industrial electricity value, gave us:
UPPER BOUND: 900 MW TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION (all $ is used to pay for electricity, all pay the same for electricity)
LOWER BOUND: 150MW (everyone mines at maximum efficiency).

Then we used this as comparison:

How much is a MW?

Three Gorges Dam: generates 10,000MW

Typical Coal fired plant: 2,000MW
Typical power plant: 4,000MW

It takes less than what a typical power plant generates to run the entire Bitcoin network. Plus, ALL payment systems requiere energy by design.


Additionally, Chinese miners can get cheap electricity because....the state-owned power transportation network prefers to purchase electricity only from state-owned power plants, leaving some private-owned power plants with no one to sell their power to, but the miners.

What this implies is that much of the Bitcoin network runs on redundant power output(in fact no miner these days can break-even without some cheaper than usual electricity), which has no better use, using it to secure a very important and innovative payment network is by no means a waste.

https://tlsnotary.org/ Fraud proofing decentralized fiat-Bitcoin trading.
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