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Author Topic: [ANN] WaltonChain WTC  (Read 92664 times)
Pete550
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August 27, 2017, 10:54:51 AM
 #1

WALTON
Wisdom alters label, trade organization and network


english Whitepaper
http://www.waltonchain.org/upload/1498826072890.pdf


current circulation:  25,000,000 WTC   (but including some locking amount.precisely no more than 20million.)


Exchange
binance.com added WTC(Walton Chain) on August 27.
price at startup: 0.000150 BTC

https://www.binance.com/trade.html?symbol=WTC_BTC
https://www.binance.com/trade.html?symbol=WTC_ETH


more infos from binance.com:

Walton is derived from Charlie Walton, who was born in California, died on November 30, 2011. As the inventor of RFID technology, he devoted his life to the development of RFID technology. He obtained the first patent related to RFID technology in 1973 and eventually obtained more than 50 invention patents. He created a new era of RFID and made outstanding contributions to the development of RFID. At present, RFID technology is widely used in various applications all over the world, from identification to freeway billing, mobile payment, credit card payment, we can see RFID everywhere. The project was founded on November 30, 2016, the fifth anniversary of the death of Charlie Walton. To commemorate the great inventor of RFID technology, the project was named "Waltonchain" to carry forward his invention and blaze a trail to the future.
As mentioned above, in the Walton ecosystem, the most core parent chain is called waltonchain in which the token used for circulation and payment is called waltoncoin (hereinafter referred to as WTC). WTC is the most important digital token in the Walton ecosystem, the total number of WTCs is 100 million, abbreviated as 10-8 , created and set in the Genesis Block. This number is constant, no more tokens will be issued.

Waltoncoin's Main Functions

1) Issuing sub chains

2) Dividend interest

3) Credit and mortgage system

4) Distributed asset exchange

5) Distributed voting and governance system

6) Decentralized exchange


RoadMap


Team Intro

The Waltonchain team is composed of a group of pioneers specializing in the integration of block chain, Internet of things, and RFID technology. The team members include Chinese and Korean elite talents from the circles of business, academy and investment. They endeavor to extend the block chain technology to the Internet of Things, with strong commitment to leading the tides of technology in the rapidly-changing times. This project is strongly supported and boosted by senior block chain developers , renowned investment institutions, prestigious attorneys, finance experts , world-class chip design experts and senior management of China’s top tech companies and clothing businesses.

http://www.waltonchain.org/team




FAQ
Q:What is the WALTONCHAIN?
A:
WALTONCHAIN (“沃尔顿链” in Chinese, or WTC for short) is a genuine, trustworthy and traceable business ecosystem with complete data sharing and absolute information transparency. It is created by the combination of technologies of RFID and block chain,which push forwards the integration of block chain and the Internet of Things.


Q:Can you summarize what WALTONCHAIN is for in only one sentence?
A:
To address the bottleneck problem of the business application of the block chain -- how to incorporate physical assets into the block chain automatically. Please refer to the White Paper of WALTON at http://www.waltonchain.org for more details.


Q:What is ICO?
A:
ICO is short for the Initial Coin Offering. The ICO derives from the phrase Initial Public Offering from the securities circle. By its very nature, ICO is also a public offering, and the difference is that its subject matter issued is digital cryptocurrency instead of the securities. All successful projects of digital currency and public block chain are invariably the community-based projects. Of the common ICOs, projects of digital currency and block chain sell tokens to the early enthusiasts. These project teams raise funds for the technological and market development through ICO. While, the project enthusiasts support these projects through ICO, and they may also choose to withdraw from the market via transaction after the corresponding token money enters the trading market.


Q:What's the total issuance volume of Walton Coin?
A:
The total issuance volume of Walton Coin is 100 million coins with no further issuance in any case.


Q:How to participate in the public offering of Walton Coin?
A:
The Walton public offering can be divided into two phases, i.e., the pre-sale in official website and the formal ICO phase. The pre-sale phase will only be conducted in the official website, whereas the formal ICO phase is expected to be carried out by the Smart Contract of Ethereum. Participants may participate directly in the public offering of ICO according to the tutorial in the WALTONCHAIN. And it is also possible for them to participate in the public offering through third party websites in collaboration with Walton. Specific third party websites(at least two websites)will be announced later in the official website.


Q:Why is there a pre-sale for the ICO of Walton Coin, and how to participate in it exactly?
A:
Recently, many of the ICOs of premium block chain projects encountered the situation that “the major customer makes a block booking”. But the WALTONCHAIN is a public block chain ready for rapid business application, which requires a large number of participants. The commercial value of the WALTONCHAIN will be higher with more participants. In order to let more participants join the WALTONCHAIN, its officials plan to conduct a three- day pre-sale of 5% - 10% of total amount of Walton Coin. The procedure of participation is to become a registered user of the official website firstly, and then proceed with subsequent actions according to the instructions on the successful registration page. In the pre-sale phase, the maximum investment quota for each participant is relatively small, so as to guarantee that more participants will be able to join the WALTONCHAIN. Specific details of pre-sale will be announced later. Please take heed of the WALTONCHAIN official website for further notice.


Q:When will the public offering of Walton Coin begin?
A:
The ICO of Walton Coin will officially begin at the end of June or early July, 2017. The official website will organize a pre-sale for a period of three days within the week prior to the ICO. Specific time and details for the launch of ICO will be announced later. Please take heed of the column of ICO in the WALTONCHAIN official website.


Q:What kinds of cryptocurrencies are acceptable for the public offering of Walton Coin?
A:
Only the payment by ETH is acceptable for the public offering of Walton Coin. Third party websites assisting the public offering will accept ETH and BTC.


Q:What is the issued price of Walton Coin? Is there any incentive policies?
A:
The public offering of Walton Coin can be divided into two sessions, the pre-sale in official website and the formal ICO. The formal ICO will adopt the mode of Dutch Auction. The price of the pre-sale in official website is more favorable than the final price of formal ICO, so as to guarantee the interests of early participants of WALTONCHAIN. Specific details will be announced later in the official website.


Q:How does the WALTONCHAIN Foundation ensure the security of the fund?

A:
All the funds raised from this public offering will be deposited into a multi-signature wallet, and its encryption key will be held by all the persons in charge and management personnel of the WALTONCHAIN Foundation. What’s more, any transfers of money must be examined and verified by several people.


Q:How long will it take before the participants receive their Walton Coin?
A:
WALTONCHAIN is a self-developed public block chain, and the wallet is expected to be on line at the end of October. In order to improve short-term liquidity and allow more people to know about,follow and finally participate in the WALTONCHAIN, the officials adopt the token money of Ethereum for the ICO; the participants will receive the Walton Coin based on the Token of Ethereum within 10 working days after the ICO. The wallet of Walton Coin will be on line before long. By then, the Walton Coin based on Token of Ethereum will be replaced by the actual Walton Coin with the exchange rate of 1:1.


Q:When will Walton Coin be tradable?
A:
We will push forward the listing and transaction of Walton Coin on the trading platform as soon as possible once the ICO and the issuance of Walton Coin based on the Token of Ethereum are completed. It is expected that the Walton Coin will enter several renowned domestic trading platforms within a month ( The online timing and exchanges are subject to adjustments according to the actual situations; and we will make an announcement in the official website in time).


Q:How the money raised through ICO is used?
A:
Please refer to the table below.
Content of Project——Percentage (100%)
R&D, testing and production of RFID tag chip——15%
R&D, testing and production of RFID reader-writer chip——20%
Design and test of RFID system scheme——15%
Development of application platform of project chain ——15%
Salaries and rewards of R&D personnel——20%
Salaries of other personnel, and costs of operation,maintenance and material——8%
Promotion of system application scheme——7%


Q:What are the technical advantages of WALTONCHAIN?
A:
1. High security;
2. It is possible to truly trace back to its source;
3. It is possible to achieve the anti-counterfeiting goal;
4. Realize the decentralization with less demanding requirements for credence;
5. Reduce labor costs.


Q:What is the value of WALTON Coin?
A:
1. It can be used as currency to purchase related commodities;
2. It can be used as the unit of measurement for credit of the Internet of Things;
3. It can be used as the unit of measurement for the workload or quality of the Internet of Things;
4. It can be used as the storage of value or the value transfer method;
5. It enjoys high popularity and increasing demands, while the issuance volume is fixed; thus, the potential of its appreciation is tremendous.


Q:What kinds of chips are involved in the WALTON project?
A:
It involves two types of chips: the RFID tag chip and the reader-writer main control chip.


Q:What are the advantages of the RFID tag chip designed in this project?
A:
Compared with traditional RFID tag chip, the RFID tag chip designed in the project has the following advantages:
1. A dissymmetric encryption and decryption module is integrated into the tag chip of this project, bringing out safer tag communication;
2.A dedicated storage space is integrated into the tag chip of this project for the storage of hash value of tag status and key information, which makes the tag content truly tamper-resistant;
3. The tag chip of this project adopts the low voltage and low power consumption design, and applies advanced technology; though with an increased size of design, its power consumption is lower than that of traditional design;
4.The anti-collision logic is added to the design scheme of the tag chip of this project. As a result, the collision probability is lower, and the probability of skipping - reading is significantly reduced.


Q:What are the advantages of the RFID reader-writer main control chip designed in this project?
A:
Compared with traditional RFID reader-writer chip, the RFID reader-writer chip designed in the project has the following advantages:
1. A dissymmetric encryption and decryption module is integrated into the reader-writer chip of this project, and this module makes the communication safer when reading and writing the tag;
2. A processing logic of hash function is integrated into the reader-writer chip of this project, capable of hashing the key information of tag. The hash value generated is written back to the tag, so that the tag information is truly tamper-resistant;
3. A relevant processing logic is added to the reader-writer chip of this project in accordance with the characteristic of block chain; it plays a role similar to the miner to share the workload of the chain, and the reader-writer may serve as a node in the chain;
4. The reader-writer chip of this project truly combines the block chain and the Internet of Things, bringing the assets into the chain in a genuine and reliable way; and it offers strong support for the asset management, warehousing, and logistics and other applications.


Q:What are the competitive advantages of the RFID system schemes of this project?
A:
1. The RFID system scheme in this project has already been successfully applied to the closed-loop system of each link, such as the production, logistics and warehousing and chain stores and so on in the garment industry and the manufacturing sectors for years. The executive team is well experienced in related industries, and capable of ensuring the good quality and effect of specific project implementation;
2. The enterprise standardization system established by the team in the industry application has become systemic industry standards. It’s easy for the wide application of the project and very likely to replicate.


Q:Why choose the application of garment industry as the breakthrough point in Phase 1.0 of this project?
A:
1.The RFID tag has achieved the management of item level in the application of garment industry. Hence, the number of usage is enormous. Large amounts of experimental data can be obtained easily in the development and early application of the chip, as a result of which the chip and system technologies will mature quickly ;
2. Many core members of the team have years of industry experience in the field of garment, and they are also familiar with the garment industry, the application of RFID intelligent system, and the promotion of software informationization products and other areas. With abundant resources of customer channels, the upfront cost of customer development is low. Therefore, it is possible to enter the market rapidly and to build up customer base in early days.


Q:What is the difference between the WALTON project and the security traceability block chain project like the Inchain?
A:
The WALTON project adopts the scheme of the combination of hardware and software. While, other security traceability block chain projects have no hardware. Therefore,the scheme of the WALTON project is intrinsically different from that of other projects in that:
1. The memory of tag chip of this project contains the hash value of tag status and critical data, making sure that the tag content is tamper-resistant;
2. The tag and reader-writer, as well as the WALTONCHAIN platform, make sure truly anti-counterfeiting and traceable to the source on the whole;
3. From the commercial value point of view, the WALTONCHAIN uses the RFID system as its carrier, and the wide popularization of RFID system is an irreversible mega-trend; its tremendous commercial value is foreseeable as a growing number of merchants will adopt the RFID system in the future, and the number of users of WALTONCHAIN will be increasing continuously.


Q:Both WALTON and Sigma project involve the chip, what is the difference between them?
A:
The chip of Sigma project is mainly used as the miner, but not a major element for business application. But there are two kinds of chips in the WALTON project -- RFID tag chip and reader - writer main control chip. RFID tag chip is the interface on the commodity side to upload the physical commodity to the chain. In other words, each commodity (such as the garment hangtag, care label and so on in the Phase 1.0 of this project) with a RFID tag chip in the future can upload relevant data to the chain through data exchange with the reader - writer, with no manual intervention needed. Reader - writer main control chip is the interface on the server side to upload the physical commodity to the chain. It may serve as the node of the main chain or child chain of WALTONCHAIN. As the number of merchants using the RFID system increases, there will be more and more nodes of WALTONCHAIN accordingly,and the robustness of the whole system will become better and better. As stated above, the chip of WALTON project is the vital element of the whole system, and closely related to the furfure business application.


Reference:
http://www.waltonchain.org
https://twitter.com/Waltonchain
https://www.binance.com/

i did not found an official announce from walton team here on bitcointalk.
also i am not endorsed by nor associated with waltonchain.
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Pete550
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August 27, 2017, 11:04:52 AM
 #2

binance is the first trading exchange for this coin.
100%  + 780 BTC Volume after 6 hours.
if someone want to get in early, this is your chance.

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August 27, 2017, 11:10:40 AM
 #3

Is RFID technology role in this project?
as is well known, that RFID technology is now developing very fast, and definitely very useful for the development of this project, especially for Waltonchain, I wait for further development, good luck

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August 27, 2017, 11:29:12 AM
 #4

I can not see this on binance.
And on http://www.waltonchain.org/ico  there is no "buy button"  ?

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August 27, 2017, 11:34:24 AM
 #5

I can not see this on binance.
And on http://www.waltonchain.org/ico  there is no "buy button"  ?

https://www.binance.com/trade.html?symbol=WTC_BTC

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August 27, 2017, 11:51:11 AM
 #6

Thanks.

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August 27, 2017, 01:15:36 PM
 #7

Is this main topic ?
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August 27, 2017, 01:18:14 PM
 #8

How to get free WTC  Grin Grin
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August 27, 2017, 01:35:02 PM
 #9

Is this main topic ?

there is no offically topic from WTC Team on bitcointalk.
so yes you can discuss here.

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August 28, 2017, 03:38:32 AM
 #10

There site is in Chinese but as I could read trough the automated translation this project is a game changer in RIFD world.

Basically it connect 3 hot items

Blockchain
IOT (Internet of Things)
RIFD  (identification chip used in almost everything what need identification, like creditcards, keycards, car keys etc.)


The thing why this is HUGE is not the platform, but the PATENTS, they own. If it's true they own the patents for the integration for these things, it means that every projects where digital wallets are connected with a chip (like OmiseGo and Utrust) will have to pay to WTC. But also IOTA might have to pay fee to them.
I hope there will be a good English translation soon, because as far I understand now, this is one of the biggest potential coins available.
(And yes, I just bought them myself now Wink
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August 28, 2017, 03:59:48 AM
 #11

I just found the English whitepaper, it tells about a dozen of patents of the team members. But it looks like it's there personal resumes and not patents of the Watson WTC project

Here is a quote from the white paper

Mo Bing (Internet of Things): Chinese, Doctor of Engineering (graduated from
Harbin Institute of Technology), Research Professor of Korea University,
Distinguished Fellow of Sun Yat - sen University, Internet of Things expert,
integrated circuit expert, Chinese Society of Micro-Nano Technology Senior
Member, IEEE Member. Has published more than 20 papers and applied for 18
invention patents.


So it's not such a huge thing I thought.

(and no, I didn't sold my WTC yet, they made a reasonable 70% profit, so I don't complain    Wink



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August 28, 2017, 08:04:16 AM
 #12

wtc is on coinmarketcap now:
https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/walton/#charts

i bought in very low.
WTC is a very huge project, but outside china very unknown.
volume is increasing rapidly since release yesterday.
With > 2,100BTC its under the top 20 24h volume coins
 
let's see how it's evolving

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August 28, 2017, 04:10:04 PM
 #13

Looking forward to seeing it evolve. I bought in also. Lots of potential. Don't think I've ever seen a coin triple in value within 6 hours of it being released on an exchange.

http://bestbonusbets.com (http://bestbonusbets.com)
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August 28, 2017, 04:26:55 PM
 #14

Looks like a very ambitious project filling up the IOT space together with the likes of Super Skynet (SSN), IOTA, Hshare (HSR) etc...
I wish there would be more information in English though. If any of the team members are here, I hope you can set up a communication channel such as slack or telegram. The WeChat room is in Chinese only.

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August 28, 2017, 05:45:36 PM
 #15

I hope the English translation comes soon

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August 29, 2017, 12:28:21 AM
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I am looking for a way of posting the English version of the Walton Whitepaper. I dont know how to upload it here. Any help?


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August 29, 2017, 12:39:45 AM
 #17

file:///C:/Users/DELL/Downloads/waltonchain%20whitepaper_en%20(1).pdf

Above link is Walton Whitepaper (pdf).  Copy and paste on your browser and you are have the English verson of the whitepaper.
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August 29, 2017, 12:47:36 AM
 #18

file:///C:/Users/DELL/Downloads/waltonchain%20whitepaper_en%20(1).pdf

Above link is Walton Whitepaper (pdf).  Copy and paste on your browser and you are have the English verson of the whitepaper.

I do not think so...

Upload here. https://wetransfer.com/

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August 29, 2017, 02:34:41 AM
 #19

Here's the Waltonchain White Paper in English

Code:
Waltonchain White Paper
(V 1.0)
Value Internet of Things (VIoT) constructs a perfect commercial ecosystem via the integration
of the real world and the block chain
Ushering human beings into the reliable digital life
Waltonchain unfolds the new era of Value Internet of Things (VIoT)
By Walton Team
2017.06.06
Table of Contents
Part 1 Introduction – The concept of the Value Internet of Things.......................................... 1
1.1 The Inevitable Trend of Internet Technology Innovation: The Value Internet of Things 1
1.2 The Block Chain Technology Development Trend: Rapid Expansion of Application Areas
... 3
1.3 The Technical Preparation Has Been Completed to Create An Era of the Value Internet
of Things... 6
Part 2 Journey - The Realization of the Value Internet of Things.............................................. 7
2.1 General Description... 7
2.2 The hardware of the Value Internet of Things................................................................ 7
2.2.1 What is RFID? ... 7
2.2.2 RFID tags... 9
2.2.3 Introduction of UHF RFID ICs...................................................................................... 10
2.2.4 Analysis on the Advantages and Disadvantages of International RFID ICs................ 12
2.2.5 The Overall Design of the RFID ICs of the Value Internet of Things........................... 13
2.3 The Software of the Value Internet of Things............................................................... 17
2.3.1 The Interpretation of Walton..................................................................................... 17
2.3.2 The Overall Structure of Waltonchain........................................................................ 18
Waltonchain Bottom Layer.............................................................................................. 19
Waltonchain Core Layer.................................................................................................. 20
Waltonchain Middle Layer .............................................................................................. 20
Waltonchain Application Layer ....................................................................................... 20
2.3.3 Walton Protocol and Walton Coin.............................................................................. 20
Walton Parent Chain ... 20
Walton Sub Chain ... 23
Block Structure ... 24
Consensus Mechanism... 25
Byte Fee Allocation... 26
Waltoncoin ... 28
Waltoncoin's Main Functions.......................................................................................... 28
2.3.5 Walton ecosystem... 30
Production... 32
Warehousing ... 32
Logistics ... 32
Stores... 33
Main Characteristics of the System................................................................................. 33
Main Advantages of the System...................................................................................... 34
Multi - User Consensus Security Mechanism.................................................................. 34
2.4 Application Scenarios: WALTON Project’s System Solutions for the Apparel Industry 34
2.4.1 Analysis on the Dilemma of the Traditional Apparel Manufacturing..................... 35
2.4.2 Smart Manufacturing Solution for the Apparel Industry ....................................... 36
2.4.3 Smart Logistics & Warehousing Solution for the Apparel Industry........................ 39
2.4.4 Smart Store Solution for the Apparel Industry....................................................... 41
Part 3 Future – The Value Internet of Things Will Change the World..................................... 45
3.1 The Stage Planning of the Walton Project .................................................................... 45
3.2 The Investment Value of the Walton Project................................................................ 49
Part 4 Project Foundation ... 51
Part 5 Team Introduction ... 54
5.1 Sponsors... 54
5.2 Senior Consultants... 54
5.3 Chief Experts... 55
5.4 Team Members ... 56
5.4.1 Permanent Chinese Members................................................................................ 56
5.4.2 Permanent Korean Members................................................................................. 59
5.5 Angel Investors... 60
5.6 Consultant Team ... 62
Part 6 References ... 64

1
Part 1 Introduction – The concept of the
Value Internet of Things
1.1 The Inevitable Trend of Internet Technology Innovation:
The Value Internet of Things
We are in an era where new technologies lead to social changes. In the age of
information and the Internet, human collaboration and communication break
through time and space constraints, and the world becomes an overall interactive
platform.
In recent years, the Internet has entered into a new business format of
“Internet +”. In this stage, a new form of economic and social development of
“Internet + all traditional industries” driven by knowledge and social innovation
2.0 provides a broad network platform for the reform, innovation and
development of various industries.
At present, the information age is entering an unprecedented important stage
of development where the objects can be connected to each other through the
Internet; this stage is called the third wave of the development of the world
information industry following the computer and the Internet: the age of the
Internet of Things (IoT). Internet of Things technology contains two meanings: first,
the core and foundation of the Internet of Things is still the Internet, the Internet
of Things is an extension of the Internet; second, the client side of the Internet of
Things extends to the information exchange and communication between any
objects, which is so called object-to-object interrelation.
2
However, from the Internet, to the "Internet +", and then to the Internet of
things, all stages have failed to solve the problem of localization of information
dissemination (e.g. centralization). It is difficult for the Internet of things under the
current central structure to accomplish the real autonomous cooperation and
effective transactions, because the relevant parties of such cooperation and
transactions often belong to different stakeholders with complex and uncertain
trust relationship. Therefore, the collaboration and transactions of the current
Internet of Things devices can only be carried out under the same trust domain,
that is to say, the devices to collaborate and trade must be provided or verified by
the same Internet of Things service provider, which significantly reduces the true
commercial value of the Internet of Things applications.
In this context, we put forward the concept of the “Value Internet of
Things(VIoT)”, focusing on introducing the block chain technology into the Internet
of things, to solve the problem of centralization facing the development process of
the Internet of Things. The block chain is a decentralized transaction record &
storage technology based on cryptographic principles; with a distributed point-topoint
network, it can achieve the permanent storage of orderly transaction record
which is undeletable, tamper-resistant, open and traceable, so it is recognized as
the best choice to meet the above challenges. In the ecology of the block chain,
people can trade safely without trust established in advance, because every
transaction is well recorded in the “public ledger” of the block chain, which is a
perfect solution to the trust and equity issues of the Internet virtual world. The
inevitable trends of the Value Internet of Things are shown in Figure 1.1.
3
Figure 1.1 the inevitable trends of the Value Internet of Things
Figure Text: the first stage: people communicate through language the second stage: people
communicate through traditional medias (such as letters)→the third stage: the Internet the
fourth stage: the Internet + (all traditional industries integrated into the Internet)→the fifth
stage: the Internet of things (objects connected through the Internet) →block chain:
decentralization & Value Internet of Things
1.2 The Block Chain Technology Development Trend: Rapid
Expansion of Application Areas
Bitcoin appeared in 2009 and began to circulate. The total market
capitalization of Bitcoin has exceeded $ 30 billion, making Bitcoin a successful
application of the block chain technology in the field of digital money. Ethereum
introduced smart contracts to program the complex contract rules into the block
chain by way of code. Smart contracts can be automatically executed when the
agreed conditions are reached, as a result, the field of application of the block
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chain has been broadened; the representative namecoin and datacoin extended
the object of the block chain from the electronic money trading record in the era of
Bitcoin to the domain name, user data and other fields.
As an organic component of the block chain distributed implementation, the
consensus mechanism has also undergone full development, as a result, several
major consensus mechanisms have appeared:
POW: Proof of Work, e.g. Work to Prove Consensus Mechanism, also known
as the mining mechanism. Bitcoin is first one to use the POW mechanism to
dominate the Block generation. The node continues to try to calculate the Block
Hash value corresponding to each block ledger’s content to satisfy a specific
condition, that is, N zeros are used as the preamble. This will increase the difficulty
of Block generation, significantly reducing the risk of correct sub chains being
replaced by quickly generated longer malicious sub chains, but will also lead to the
waste of a large number of computing resources of the mining machines at the
same time.
POS: Proof of Stake,e.g. Stake to Prove Consensus Mechanism. It is an
upgrade of the POW consensus mechanism to control the length of mining time
based on the number of the tokens and the holding time of the node; it can
effectively reduce the mining time, but still cannot avoid the problem of wasting
the computing resources of the mining machines.
DPOS: Delegated Proof of Stake, e.g. Delegated Stake to Prove Consensus
Mechanism. Its principle is that tokens select a certain number of nodes by voting
to complete the verification and accounting work for them. This consensus
mechanism can greatly reduce the number of nodes involved in accounting and
verification to achieve rapid consensus verification, but it also relies on the
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existence of the tokens, so that some applications that do not require tokens will
be limited.
PBFT: Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance. It is a consistency algorithm by
message transmission that achieves consistency through three phases to
determine the final block generation. If there are 3f + 1 nodes, this algorithm can
tolerate the existence of f error nodes, so that the consistency results will not be
affected. This mechanism can be divorced from the existence of coins, the
consensus node can be determined by participants and regulators, and 2-5 seconds
of shared delay is basically able to meet the commercial requirements.
Various consensus mechanisms have their own considerations and
significance in terms of their respective business scenarios and technical means.
When compared to each other, they have different improvements and
enhancements in different aspects, as well as different disadvantages, so there
seems to be no optimal consensus mechanism. Achieving the pluggable
applications of various consensus mechanisms, choosing the right consensus
mechanism according to the specific application scenario and optimizing the
application of block chain shall be the best way for further application in more
fields.
Various trends indicate that block-chain technology is expanding its
application to more and more areas such as digital money and smart contracts,
while the earlier relevant technologies failed to break the connection barrier
between the virtual network and the real world. Applying the block chain to the
Internet of Things and smart systems and connecting the item tags and identity
tags in the real world to the virtual network via RFID technology will successfully
build this connection, and ultimately achieve the interconnection of all things and
create an era of Value Internet of Things (VIoT).
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1.3 The Technical Preparation Has Been Completed to Create
An Era of Value Internet of Things (VIoT)
Traditional Internet of Things (IoT) is a network which enables all the common
objects that can perform independent functions to be interconnected. It connects
the sensors, controllers and objective entities through network technology to realize
intelligent management and control. For example, through radio frequency
identification (RFID), infrared sensors, global positioning systems, laser scanners and
other information sensing equipment, it connects any item to the Internet to carry
out information exchange and communication according to the agreement, to
achieve intelligent identification, positioning , tracking, monitoring and
management. As an extension of the Internet, the Internet of Things further
promotes the connections between machine and machine, human and machine and
achieves the full life cycle circulation management of data in the information world.
With the continuous advances of technology, the development and application
of the Internet of Things technology have achieved remarkable results in recent
years. There are already billions of sensors and smart controllers put into use so far,
and the number of the sensors and smart controllers is expected to grow in the next
few years. However, the Internet of Things technology is also facing many problems
and challenges which may become great obstacles in the future development and
application of the Internet of Things. The era of the Value Internet of Things led by
RFID and block chain technologies can provide solutions to these problems.
The technical realization of the Value Internet of Things means connecting the
items tags, event tags, people and body tags and other entity tags in the real world
with the virtual world of the Internet through the underlying hardware platform
using the RFID tags as the core, combined with the block chain technology delivering
value and constructing trust, to achieve the real interconnection of all things.
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The speed of transition from the Information Internet and traditional Internet
of Things to the Value Internet of Things based on RFID technology and block chain
technology may be far beyond the current expectations. When the Value Internet of
Things achieves the real interconnection of all things, the RFID technology and block
chain technology will play a greater role.
Part 2 Journey - The Realization of Value
Internet of Things
2.1 General Description
The whole system of the Value Internet of Things can be divided into two parts:
hardware and software. The hardware includes the RFID tag chips and the RFID
reader chips. The RFID tag acts as the interface for all assets to be connected to the
chain, and the reader chip is a bridge for all assets to be connected to the chain and
can be used as a node on the chain. The software includesthe Waltonchain software
system, the Walton protocol and the Walton coin. With the combination of software
and hardware, the Value Internet of Things can really achieve the connection of all
things to the chain and the digitalization of all assets.
2.2 The hardware of the Value Internet of Things
2.2.1 What is RFID?
The Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is a communication
technology that can identify specific targets and read and write relevant data
through the radio signals without building a mechanical or optical contact between
the recognition system and specific targets. RFID readers are divided into mobile
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readers and fixed readers. At present, RFID technology is widely used, for example,
used for library access control system, food safety traceability, etc.
The radio frequency tags are the physical carrier of the electronic product code
(EPC) which are attached to traceable items, identifiable, readable and writeable,
and can be circulated all over the world. As a key technology for constructing the
"Internet of Things", the RFID technology has received attention in recent years. The
RFID technology originated from the United Kingdom, was used in the Second World
War to identify friend or foe aircraft, and began its business application in the 1960s.
The RFID technology is an automatic identification technology; the US Department
of Defense states that all military supplies must use RFID tags since January 1, 2005,
and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that the
pharmaceutical companies use RFID to trace drugs easy to be faked since 2006.
Walmart and Metro retailers using RFID technology have further promoted the
application of RFID in the world. In 2000, the price of each RFID tag was $ 1. Many
researchers believed that RFID tags were very expensive, large-scale application
could be realized only when the price went down. In 2005, the price of each RFID tag
was about 12 cents, and now the price of each UHF RFID tag is about 10 cents. To
achieve large-scale application of RFID, on the one hand, it is necessary to reduce
the price of RFID tags, on the other hand, it depends on whether the application of
RFID can bring value-added services. Eurostat statistics show that in 2010, 3% of the
EU companies have used RFID technology for identity documents and access control,
supply chain and inventory tracking, car charges, security, production control and
asset management, etc. Since 2010, due to the improvement of economic situation,
the development of the Internet of Things industry and other positive factors, global
RFID market continues to heat up, RFID technology has been applied to a growing
number of fields, and people have had higher expectations for the development of
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RFID industry. The RFID technology is in a period of rapid maturity, many countries
are actively promoting RFID as an important industry.
Although the prices of passive UHF electronic tags fell rapidly in the past two
years, the prices of UHF RFID systems are still high relative to the overall costs of the
RFID chips including the readers, electronic tags, middleware and system
maintenance, etc. And the cost of UHF RFID system is an important indicator for
clients to weigh the return of investment. The bottleneck caused by high cost has
become an important factor restricting the development of UHF system market.
In short, the passive UHF market is still in its early stage of development.Thus,
the core technology needs breakthroughs, business models need to be innovated
and improved, and the industry value chain needs to be further developed and
extended. Only when the core issues are effectively resolved, can we embrace the
real development of RFID passive UHF market.
2.2.2 RFID tags
The RFID tag contains the stored electronic information. The tag does not need
to be within the sight of the recognizer; and it can be embedded in the tracked object.
RFID tags include passive tags and active tags.
Passive tags: can get energy from the electromagnetic field emitted by the
reader, no battery required.
Active tags: the tag itself has power supply and can automatically send radio
waves.
Figure 2.1 shows the actual application scenario of RFID.
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Figure 2.1 the actual application scenario of RFID
Figure Text: Reader/Antenna/Tag/Computer System
2.2.3 Introduction of UHF RFID ICs
After years of development, the RFID technology of 13.56MHz or less has been
relatively mature. At present, the industry pays most attention to the UHF RFID,
which works between 860MHz ~ 960MHz frequency, with the advantages of fast
reading and writing, multi-target recognition, non-line-of-sight recognition, mobile
positioning and long-term tracking management, long effective range (usually 3m ~
10m) and fast communication speed. UHF RFID technology has become a hot spot in
the development of the industry, and passive UHF RFID tags and systems grow
rapidly.
The built-in RFID IC of UHF recognizer (reader and writer) is a core component
that provides readability to the recognizer. On the receiving end the Received
wireless useful signal is amplified by LNA, mixed by I/Q mixer, filterer, converted by
ADC, and finally inputted to the MCU; on the transmitting end the signal outputted
from the MCU is mixed by I/Q mixer, amplified by PA and transmitted to the antenna,
finally transmitted to the tag. Figure 2.2 shows the structure of the RFID IC of UHF
recognizer (reader and writer).
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Figure 2.2 UHF recognizer (reader and writer) RFID IC structure diagram
UHF Tag IC: is a core component that provides memory and performance for
tags. It manages the received wireless signal as energy, transmits the stored memory
data to the antenna after the carrier modulation. Figure 2.3 shows the structure of
the UHF RFID tag IC.
Figure 2.3 UHF RFID tag IC structure diagram
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2.2.4 Analysis on the Advantages and Disadvantages of
International RFID ICs
Reader ICs: due to the huge market attractiveness, many manufacturers have
been involved in the relevant technology research, development and production,
bringing on an upsurge of radio frequency identification technology. On the basis of
increasing investment in research, the RFID technology has made great progress in
core hardware technology, public service platform and testing and standard.
International companies have achieved a large number of technical improvements
of RF front-end, analog front end, digital baseband and storage unit of the multiband
radio frequency identification; the mainstream manufacturing process has
reached 0.13 microns or less and achieved the mass production of low-power
technological chips, such as Impinj's R2000: its reception sensitivity has reached -
80dBM (10dBM self-interference) with a transmission power of 31.5dBM. Although
the performance is excellent, the price is very high.
Tag ICs: as for the tag chip technology, the developed countries already have a
relatively complete product line; with the continuous development and
improvement of technology and market, the electronic tag technology continues to
improve, and the industrialization of technology has entered a stage of vigorous
development. The class 0 design of Alien has laid the foundation for the
implementation of the first generation RFID standards. Compared to the first
generation standards, the second generation EPF tag IC has many advantages: its
center frequency reaches 900MHz band, greatly improving the recognition rate to
500 to 1500 tags / sec; its backscatter data rate can be increased from tens of bits
per second to 650kbps; its scan range has increased to 30 feet. Now in the market
and the laboratory, the second generation UHF RFID tag ICs with more excellent
features have appeared, for example, Impinj’s Monza 4 RFID tag IC has reached a
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more advanced level. Its outstanding performance mainly reflects in extensible
memory options, innovative secrecy function, good anti-jamming capability and
industry-leading sensitivity indicators.
But the existing RFID chip industry cannot meet the development of Internet of
Things applications, especially applications for the Value Internet of Things: there
are few options available while the prices are high; the transmission power and
stability need to be improved; the reception sensitivity is low, the anti-interference
ability is poor and the transmission power is low. In addition, the existing RFID ICs
have many problems such as high power consumption, poor matching with antenna
and difficult system integration, etc.
2.2.5 The Overall Design of the RFID ICs of the Value Internet
of Things
The project includes RFID tag IC and reader IC suitable for block chain
technology applications. The ICs are characterized by integrated elliptic curve and
decryption acceleration module based on the existing RFID technology, and a
communication interface protocol suitable for block-chain technology applications.
The implementation of the project will promote the application of block chain
technology in the Internet of Things, to solve the following problems in the current
application of block chain technology:
1) Each tag does not need to store node data, only need to be responsible for
signature verification;
2) Tags automatically generate random public keys and private keys, to ensure
the security of Internet of Things applications, to ensure that the tag is unique,
non-forgery and tamper-proof;
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3) Can reduce the amount of information stored, to solve the problem of large
amount of data of block chain overloaded in the Internet of Things
applications;
4) To solve the problem of slow encryption and decryption in asymmetric
encryption technology;
5) To truly achieve the decentralization of property management and asset
management, etc., so that the data will be tamper-proof.
RFID reader IC is one of the core components of the reader, containing the RF
section and digital signal processing section. On the receiving end the signal is
amplified by LNA, mixed by I/Q mixer, filterer, converted by ADC, and finally
inputted to the digital processing section; on the transmitting end the digital signal
outputted from the digital processing section is converted by ADC, mixed by I/Q
mixer, amplified by PA and transmitted to the antenna, finally transmitted to the
tag.
The RFID tag IC contains the RF section, power management section, digital
signal processing section and storage section. The power management section
contains electromagnetic coupling, energy storage, LDO and other circuits, which
converts the received wireless signal into electrical energy to power the tag; in the
transmitting section, the stored memory data is transmitted to the antenna after
the carrier modulation.
The RFID reader ID market demand continues to increase, the existing
technology still has some problems to be improved, such as the number of tags
identified in parallel, misreading, high power consumption, etc. The project provides
a new design solution for the application problems, and a chip architecture solution
with core competencies, combined with the application of block-chain technology.
15
Figure 2.6 and Figure 2.7 show the block diagram of the reader IC and the block
diagram of the tag IC respectively. The RFID tag IC design integrates innovative
encryption capabilities, so it’s suitable for block chain technology applications and
has a good anti-interference ability and sensitivity index; its demanding power
design can meet the current stringent requirements for power consumption, and the
on-chip antenna technology and antenna matching technology have been
significantly enhanced to improve the performance.
Figure 2.6 The project’s reader IC solution block diagram
Oscillator
Baseband
Modulator/
Demodulator
Power Manage
Controller
Encrypt and Decrypt
RF Front-End/
Analog Front End
Nonvolatile Memory
16
Figure 2.7 The project’s tag IC solution block diagram
The project’s IC design has the following significant advantages:
1 ) High security: The chip integrates asymmetric random password pair
generation logic, uses a core asymmetric encryption algorithm with independent
intellectual property rights and an optimized design without increasing the cost and
power consumption of the chip, enabling higher communication security;
2) Optimized anti - collision design: The chip uses a binary tree anti - collision
algorithm with independent intellectual property rights and a time division multiple
access design, significantly improving the tag recognition success rate and the
number of identifiable labels at the same time;
Filter
Baseband/Bus
Modulator/
Demodulator
Power Manage
CPU
Encrypt and Decrypt
RF Front-End/
Analog Front End
Memory
LNA/P A
GPIO/Uart/SPI/IIC
Encrypt and Decrypt
USB/Ethernet
PLL
POR
17
3)High sensitivity: The chip uses an optimized noise suppression technology to
improve the noise figure at the receiving end and the overall receiver sensitivity,
which plays an important role in increasing the recognition success rate; these
advantages enable the chip to have a greater advantage in the application in
Internet of Things.
4) Good compatibility: The chip can achieve high-frequency and ultra-high
frequency functions at the same time, the end customer can read the information
through the smart phone and inquire about reliable product information.
2.3 The Software of the Value Internet of Things
2.3.1 The Interpretation of Walton
Walton is derived from Charlie Walton, who was born in California, died on
November 30, 2011. As the inventor of RFID technology, he devoted his life to the
development of RFID technology. He obtained the first patent related to RFID
technology in 1973 and eventually obtained more than 50 invention patents. He
created a new era of RFID and made outstanding contributions to the development
of RFID. At present, RFID technology is widely used in various applications all over
the world, from identification to freeway billing, mobile payment, credit card
payment, we can see RFID everywhere. The project was founded on November 30,
2016, the fifth anniversary of the death of Charlie Walton. To commemorate the
great inventor of RFID technology, the project was named "Waltonchain" to carry
forward his invention and blaze a trail to the future.
The interpretation of Walton is as follows:
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Walton = Wisdom Alters Label, Trade, Organization and Network.
 W—Wisdom
A--Alter
L—Label: RFID Label
T--Trade: trade mode based on the accounting mode of block chain
O--Organization: 0rganizational management model - decentralized
autonomous organization (DAO)
N--Network: the Internet of Things - P2P network mode
2.3.2 The Overall Structure of Waltonchain
The Walton ecosystem uses an overall structure including the parent chain and
the sub chains (or child chains) where the parent chain is waltonchain and the token
used for circulation and payment is called Waltoncoin. During the 1.0 stage of the
project, the parent chain – waltonchain is used to open up the complete supply chain
system of the apparel industry including production, logistics, warehousing and
stores. Theoretically, there can be infinite number of sub chains, for example, the
recognizers of the production workshop used to monitor the quality of the product
can be used as nodes of production sub chains, and the production workshops of a
variety of brands together constitute the production sub chain; for another example,
the stores of a variety of apparel brands can constitute the sales sub chain.
The Waltonchain platform uses a hierarchical structure, including the bottom
layer, core layer, middle layer and application layer; the platform architecture is
shown in Figure 2.8.
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Figure 2.8 Waltonchain platform structure
Figure Text: From top down:
WALTON chain application layer/ smart clothing store management,smart logistics
management platform, etc. →WALTON chain middle layer/the middle layer encapsulates the
core layer modules into various application interfaces →WALTON chain core layer/core
business application logic based on Walton Chain →WALTON chain bottom layer/ the
underlying smart contracts based on the blockchain
Waltonchain Bottom Layer
The bottom layer is developed based on the Waltonchain. The Waltonchain has
many advantages, please see the introduction of Waltonchain for details.
WALTON链底层
底层基于区块链的智能合约
WALTON链核心层
基于WALTON链的商业应用核心逻辑
WALTON链中间层
中间层将核心层模块封装成各种应用接口
WALTON链应用层
智能服装门店管理、智能物流管理平台等
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Waltonchain Core Layer
The Waltonchain is developed based on the universal blockchain technology.
For the common and individual requirements of different applications, the core
layer will package the common and personalized features to form the core modules
of different applications.
Waltonchain Middle Layer
For different applications, Waltonchain has dedicated and common interfaces
to call for the application layer. The middle layer is used to achieve the package of
these interfaces, thus simplifying the work of the application layer and reducing the
application difficulty.
Waltonchain Application Layer
The top-layer content, users or the Walton team can develop appropriate
platform or environment based on different application scenarios to meet the
individual, team or business needs of the application.
2.3.3 Walton Protocol and Walton Coin
Walton Parent Chain
The Walton Parent Chain is the main chain of the Walton block chain, starting
from the Walton Genesis Block, which provides a wealth of functions including but
not limited to Walton Coin (WTC) transaction management, sub chain management,
smart contract, alias and account control, etc.
1) transaction management
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A total of 100 million of WTCs are issued, created in the genesis block and
assigned to each account in accordance with established program; the total amount
of WTCs in the subsequent transactions remains the same. Through the
decentralized network, more accounts will be created through the nodes, and a lot
of WTC transactions will also be carried out between the accounts. Every 60 seconds,
the transaction during the current period will be recorded to the block, linked to the
previous block, forming the Walton parent chain as the public ledger of WTC
transactions stored dispersedly in nodes in the network to ensure the safety and
reliability of transaction data.
2) sub chain management
Another major function of Walton parent chain is the management of sub-chain
which can be created by any account at any time after the parent chain runs. The
creator can customize the detail functions of the sub-chain and specific information
of the sub-chain tokens. These custom information form the data structure
describing the sub-chain, which is recorded in the block of the current period by the
accounting nodes in a way similar to the WTC transaction record. So far this sub
chain will be used as a separate block chain, recording the transactions of the subchain
tokens.
Since the WTC transactions are only recorded in the parent chain, the parent
chain runs independently of the sub chain. The nodes running on the parent chain
only need to save the parent chain data to conduct consensus and validation of WTC
transaction blocks. This flexible creation mechanism of WTC sub chain makes the
sub chain scalable, the state of the sub-chain has no effect on the completeness and
safety of the parent chain; except for the description information recording the sub
chain, the number of sub-chains will not increase the size of the parent chain.
3) smart contract
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In the system architecture of the Walton block chain, the smart contract
based on its programmable features is responsible for building the underlying logic
platform and supporting the upper architecture running of core layer, middle layer,
and application layer, which is the cornerstone of the Walton chain to develop a
wider range of custom applications.
Smart contract technology is developed by Ethereum and has been applied in
the electronic token release, electronic crowd-funding, electronic contracts,
electronic equity distribution and other fields. The Walton block chain technology
defines two types of account concepts: one is the general account storing the
tokens; the other is the smart contract account storing smart contract procedures.
When a transaction is sent to the smart contract account address, the
corresponding smart contract procedure will be triggered and implemented. The
procedure will use the data of the transaction received, the data stored in this
account and the current block status data as input data, perform the customized
operations, make a transaction request, modify the account status data and
execute other result behaviors.
4) other functions
Decentralized asset transactions: supporting the decentralized asset
transactions of the parent chain WTCs and sub chain coins;
Decentralized grading system: grading according to the performance of the
account nodes’ trading behaviors such as mortgage;
Decentralized alias system: facilitating the realization of the transactions by
alias;
Account control;
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Voting system;
Cross currency transactions;
Walton Sub Chain
1) Sub-chain functional features
When creating the sub chain, the sub chain can be customized to support all
the functional features of the parent chain, or can be limited to certain functional
features to achieve the customization of the appropriate features. Support custom
features mainly include sub chain token transactions, sub-chain token and parent
chain token transactions, cross sub chain token transactions, smart contracts,
aliases, voting system, account control, instant messaging, and data storage.
2) Sub-chain token transactions
By customization, the sub chain can support sub-chain native token
transactions, sub-chain token and parent chain token transactions and cross sub
chain token transactions. When a cross token transaction is made, the holder of
the token makes a transaction request, the transaction request information
contains the transaction type (buy or sell), the local token type, the target token
type, transaction price and the number of transaction tokens; then the Walton
protocol will match the buy and sell transactions in a decentralized way, which is
open, fair, reliable, and traceable compared to the traditional trading centers.
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Block Structure
The trading ledgers of WTCs are stored in the Walton blocks that are series
connected, forming the Walton parent chain and sub-chains; and those of the block
chain are stored in a large number of nodes on the Walton network, making the WTC
transaction records open, safe, decentralized, traceable and tamper-resistant. The
core component of this ambitious, secure, and decentralized data structure is the
Walton block data structure designed by the Walton team which provides safe,
stable and fast response features for the parent chain and provides a flexible
combination of features for the sub chains, to adapt to a variety of Internet of things
applications and to match the customized business models.
The Walton Block can contain up to 255 transaction records. Each transaction
record contains a header carrying the identification information. The general
information contained in the block is as follows:
Block depth and timestamp
Block identity
Block account ID and public key
The identity of the previous block and the hash value
The total number of tokens of the transactions contained in the block and
byte fee
The transaction information contained in the block
Block payload length and payload hash value
The generated signature of the block
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Accumulated coinage difficulty of the block
Consensus Mechanism
1) PoST Consensus mechanism
The Walton parent chain conducts block consensus and validation based on
the Proof of Stake & Trust (PoST) consensus mechanism. PoST is an innovative
updated version based on the Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism.
The traditional PoS is a distributed consensus algorithm, which is an upgraded
version of the Bitcoin Proof of Work Proof (PoW) consensus algorithm. In the PoW
consensus algorithm, the nodes involved in the consensus need to continue to try
to solve the problem of cryptography, to confirm the transaction, then write into
the block and get the tokens as a reward. In most cases, this reward comes from
the unallocated tokens, so the process is vividly called mining. Because the mining
is more and more difficult as the “mineral resources” reduce, a lot of computing
resources tend to be wasted. In the block chain network based on the PoS
consensus algorithm, in most cases, all the tokens are issued from very beginning,
then the block is successfully created and written into the accounting nodes of the
block chain; the accounting reward is the byte fee paid by the transaction initiation
node, so the consensus mechanism is vividly called coinage. The more the tokens
held by nodes involved in the consensus and the longer the time to hold the
tokens, the bigger the opportunity to successfully complete the block creation and
writing. This mechanism greatly reduces the operation difficulty of accounting,
saves valuable computing resources, at the same time provides a mechanism of
selecting “good” accounting nodes to strengthen the security of the block chain.
Walton constructed an innovative node reputation evaluation system which
added a node reputation mechanism to adjust the difficulty of coinage based on PoS,
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to highlight the importance of reputation in business ecology, and creatively
designed the PoST consensus mechanism. This consensus mechanism brings two
positive effects: first, based on the commercial credit link of a combination of
Walton block chain and RFID, it can further promote and train the integrity
behaviors of the involved nodes through the information evaluation mechanism, for
example, keeping good credit record in credit mortgage and other transactions, to
cultivate a healthy business ecology; second, it provides an upgraded selection
mechanism to choose more honest “high quality” nodes as coinage nodes,
improving the security of the block chain.
2) Other consensus mechanisms
The flexible structure of Walton block chain determines that the sub chains
can choose PoS, PoST or other consensus mechanisms to achieve the optimal
application effect in different application scenarios.
By issuing different sub chains, Walton connects different types of Internet of
Things nodes to apply to various scenarios in the business ecology. Due to the
diversity of the Internet of Things, sometimes the Internet of Things needs a large
number of nodes online at the same time, which is quite different from the
Internet, so we propose an innovative solution which sets the consensus
mechanism flexibly based on the different application scenarios, to meet different
application requirements.
Byte Fee Allocation
The byte fee is the cost paid by the transaction initiation node to the
accounting node, which is used to pay for the occupancy of network bandwidth
and block chain bytes in the process of paying the transaction. The accounting
node can set the minimum cost that can be accepted and the transaction initiation
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node can set the maximum cost to be paid; when both conditions are met, the
transaction will be successfully written to the block chain.
The byte fee is the source power driving the block chain to account, as the
accounting node performs block calculation and consensus verification to obtain
the byte fee; the node needs to pay the transaction surcharge to initiate the token
transaction and the sub chain creation.
1) The allocation of byte fee of token trading
The Walton chain supports the parent chain token transactions, sub chain
token transactions and cross chain token transactions; when dealing with various
types of token transactions, the transaction initiation nodes need to pay the byte
fee with the parent chain tokens. This can make the parent chain token become
the single token used as the reward token of the parent chain accounting node and
the sub chain accounting node, finally achieving the following two positive effects.
First, the parent chain and each sub-chain can share the accounting nodes in
the network to the maximum, so that the accounting nodes will freely choose
different parent chain and sub-chain based on the profit efficiency, without fear of
inconvenient exchange of multiple tokens byte fees, which is beneficial to the
reasonable allocation of the node resources; and for some of the sub chains in the
early stages of the establishment, there is no need to worry about the problem of
insufficient accounting nodes, because they can share the accounting nodes of the
parent chain and other sub chains.
Second, when more sub chains are created and the sub chain transactions
become more and more frequent, the demand for the parent chain tokens which
are used as the currency to pay for byte fees will rise; since the number of the
parent chain tokens remains the same, the value of each parent chain token will
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increase. As a result, the nodes holding the parent chain tokens will gain dividends
from sub-chain development as the number of the sub chains and transactions
increases.
2) The allocation of byte fee of sub chain creation
The Walton parent chain supports the creation of sub chains. When creating a
sub chain, the account that creates the nodes needs to pay the byte fee with
parent chain tokens, to prevent the malicious creation of a large number of sub
chains. Writing the block containing the description of this sub chain into the
accounting node of the block chain will obtain the parent chain tokens as a reward.
Waltoncoin
As mentioned above, in the Walton ecosystem, the most core parent chain is
called waltonchain in which the token used for circulation and payment is called
waltoncoin (hereinafter referred to as WTC). WTC is the most important digital
token in the Walton ecosystem, the total number of WTCs is 100 million,
abbreviated as 10-8
, created and set in the Genesis Block. This number is constant,
no more tokens will be issued.
Waltoncoin's Main Functions
1) Issuing sub chains
Issuing sub chains such as the production sub chain, storage sub chain,
logistics sub chain and sales sub chain needs to consume WTCs. Of course, issuing
sub chains is not the privilege of the Walton team, as any Walton ecosystem user
can consume WTCs to issue its own sub chains in the Walton ecosystem.
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The consumed WTCs are used to allocate the accounting node wallet to
support the parent chain –PoST mechanism.
2) Dividend interest
Walton team officially issues important sub chains, such as the sales sub chain
used in stores (assuming the token is A coin), and the transaction sub chain used in
the retail industry (assuming the token is B coin). In the above high-frequency
circulation sections, even if the transaction fee for each transaction is very small,
many small fees can add up to a substantial number. Therefore, in order to ensure
the robustness of the sub-chains and the parent chain at the same time, the
allocation mechanism regarding the consumed fees needs some innovative
adjustments. The majority (e.g. 90%) is assigned to the accounting node wallet of
the sub chains, and the minority (e.g. 10%) is assigned to the accounting node
wallet of the parent chain.
3) Credit and mortgage system
The account on the parent chain can form a credit mechanism. As the
circulation and consumption amount of sub chains increases, the credit value of
the corresponding account of the parent chain increases. Here is an application
scenario: a customer needs to pay for his consumption at A store, A store supports
A coin, but the customer does not have any A coin, then the customer can pay by
mortgaging parent chain WTCs (in a frozen state), A store and the customer sign an
smart contract on the chain automatically to set an agreed time to return A coins,
when such WTC coins will be unfrozen. Correspondingly, the creditability of this
account increases, and the number of WTCs needed for mortgage decreases.
However, if the A coins failed to be paid back, the number of WTCs frozen for
mortgage will increase correspondingly.
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4) Distributed asset exchange
If we exchange assets on the parent chain, the parent chain will be able to
exchange the assets of any sub chain tokens on any sub chain. This allows the sub
chains to interact with each other and opens up many collaboration opportunities
to allow cross-chain asset transactions, which is also a required function in the
Walton ecosystem in the long term.
5) Distributed voting and governance system
This system will be the core of decentralization in the future. Safe and
anonymous voting will be available for all sub chains on the parent chain.
6) Decentralized exchange
All the coins on the sub chains can be traded in the decentralized exchange on
the parent chain, where the digital currency used to act as an intermediary is WTC.
Of course, only some of the core functions of WTC are mentioned above. WTC
has more functions and as the project progresses, the Walton team will give WTC
more advanced features.
2.3.5 Walton ecosystem
An example of Walton ecosystem application for the apparel industry is shown
in Figure 2.9 below.
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Figure 2.9 Walton ecosystem 1.0 stage
Figure Text: Production (master node 1) - tag generation (child node 1) → process 1 (child node
2) → process 2 (child node 3) →product inspection (child node 4)
Warehousing (master node 2) – stock in inspection (child node 1) → storage location (child
node 2) → stock out inspection (child node 3)
Logistics (master node 3) – order confirmation (child node 1) → transportation (child node 2) →
delivery confirmation (child node 3)
Store (master node 4) – receipt confirmation (child node 1) → stock in (child node 2) → racking
(child node 3) → sales (child node 4)
The whole ecosystem is composed of several master nodes and child nodes, so
the ecosystem is not limited to the applications in the apparel industry, but also
生产
仓储 物流
门店
入库
存储
位置
入库
检查
出库
确认
收货
确认
上架
销售
接件
确认
运输
送货
确认
标签
生成
工序1 工序2
成品
检验
子节点1
子节点2
子节点3
主节点1
主节点2 主节点3
主节点4
子节点1
子节点2
子节点3
子节点4
子节点1
子节点2
子节点3
子节点1
子节点2
子节点3
子节点4
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applicable to the fields of warehousing, logistics, electronic license plate and asset
management. Here we only take a simple example to explain the application in the
apparel industry.
Production
In the early stage of production, the production target is made according to the
production plan and related needs. In the first phase of production, a unique RFID
will be generated for each product. The status and related information of this ID will
be recorded at each child node in the production, also at each subsequent master
node and corresponding child node. The contents of the status and information are
negotiated by the master nodes. Each node is rewarded according to the
contribution in the form of WALTON coin. The number of awards can be determined
based on the workload or the work quality of the corresponding node or the specific
situation of the application.
Warehousing
This node mainly refers to the storage after production, containing three
sections: warehouse-in inspection, storage location and warehouse-out inspection.
Each section has a corresponding reader to record the corresponding information
and form a corresponding block in this master node of warehousing to connect with
the block generated in the production.
Logistics
This node is similar to the previous node, which mainly records the status and
information in the process of transportation and forms the corresponding block data.
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Stores
This node can be a store, or a number of stores. Each store is regarded as a
master node to record the status and information of the product as well as customer
information and preferences. This node can give a customer the corresponding
reward according to the customer’s consumption situation in the form of WALTON
coin, and include the customer into the master node according to the WALTON coins
held by the customer and give the customer the appropriate permissions. The
customer can check all product information and all billing data, but needs to pay a
certain WALTON coins. The customer can also use WALTON coins to purchase the
corresponding products.
Main Characteristics of the System
1) Each child node is equipped with a reader and connected to the master
node;
2) The master node is connected to the Internet in a real-time online manner;
3) Each master node manages the bills. the data between the master nodes
are transparent;
4) After the nodes reach a consensus, the number of various master nodes
can continue to increase;
5) According to the WALTON coins held by the purchaser, the purchaser can
be included in the node after the nodes reach a consensus and vote for the
rights of accounting and checking to be authorized to the purchaser;
6) Checking bill and accounting will consume WALTON coins (as handling fees);
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7) The purchaser can also directly pay WALTON coins to purchase clothing.
Main Advantages of the System
1) Can really achieve tracing the source;
2) Can really achieve the purpose of unforgeablity;
3) Can achieve decentralization without the concern of trust;
4) Can reduce labor costs.
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August 29, 2017, 02:35:09 AM
 #20

Part 2

Code:
Multi - User Consensus Security Mechanism
1) The mechanism generates a set of random numbers by the master node;
2) Divides this set of random numbers into N parts (N is an integer and greater
than 2/3 of number of all users);
3) Encrypts the N parts of random numbers with the public key of N users
separately;
4) All users decrypt this set of random numbers with their own private key;
5) When the master node receives all the correct data, it is considered that
this accounting or modification is valid.
2.4 Application Scenarios: WALTON Project’s System Solutions
for the Apparel Industry
With the rapid development and integration of the Internet of things, mobile
Internet, cloud computing and other information technology, the intelligent
management of information has become a key factor in the rapid growth and
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improvement of enterprises. As a core technology of Internet of things, the RFID is
widely used in the intelligent warehousing and logistics management, and the
apparel industry is one of the most promising fields for applying RFID technology.
Due to the apparel industry's particularity and complexity, thorny problems
exist in various links in the value chain of traditional apparel industry ,including
logistics ,warehousing, sorting business, store sales, and inventory. For example,
complex product specifications with various size, styles and rapid changes;
frequent unpacking and messy piles; slow turnover in warehousing management,
production, inventory and distribution; great reliance on staff experience for
searching needed commodity; big difference between Stock – In and Stock – Out;
difficulty in taking inventory;, heavy workload; FCL and one-piece warehousing
modes coexist; impossibility of tracing the clothing sources. Therefore, pasting,
embedding or implanting RFID tags on the tag of each piece of clothing can
increase supply chain management transparency and inventory turnover, reduce
the loss due to out of stock, enhance the store experience and increase consumer
satisfaction, while conducting real-time intelligent data analysis, and collecting
data to guide the garment enterprises to timely adjust their product design,
production and inventory.
2.4.1 Analysis on the Dilemma of the Traditional Apparel
Manufacturing
The 13th Five - Year Plan for China's apparel industry clearly points out that we
need to speed up the construction of flexible supply chain management system and
intelligent warehousing , logistics, and distribution system with RFID as the core, to
improve the system functions and the adaptability of business process
reengineering, to achieve the seamless connection of various management systems,
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to promote big data, "Internet +" and other technology applications, to improve the
intelligent level of managerial decision-making, to vigorously promote the mass
customization technology and its manufacturing model, to promote the
transformation from garment manufacturing to garment services, and to
comprehensively promote the deep integration of manufacturing and services and
enhance the comprehensive application level.
In recent years, the overall retail sales of the apparel industry grew steadily, the
total domestic sales volume has been increasing, online channels apidly expanding,
the growth rate of offline sales going down, the domestic market losing
momentum, and exports facing major difficulties. The apparel industry needs to
speed up structural adjustment and transformation and upgrading.
Facing the “new normal” of slow growth and steady total volume, the
traditional manufacturing companies are impacted, compelling the clothing
manufacturing section to upgrade in order to improve the competitiveness of
garment enterprises. The apparel manufacturing is transforming from the mode of
large quantities, less varieties and long cycle to the mode of small quantities, more
varieties, short delivery and customization.
2.4.2 Smart Manufacturing Solution for the Apparel Industry
The traditional apparel industry is a labor-intensive industry with multivariety,
rapid change, and relatively low level of informationization and
intelligence in the overall industry. The production process is shown in Figure 2.11.
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Figure 2.11 traditional garment production and processing flow diagram
Figure Text: fabrics and accessories inspection → technical preparations → tailoring → sewing
→ buttonholing and button nailing → ironing → product inspection → packaging →
warehousing or shipping
Based on the above characteristics, the future intelligent garment factory is a
Customer to Manufactory (C2M) customization platform; the consumer demand
directly drives the effective supply of the factory, as shown in Figure 2.12.
Figure 2.12 an example of intelligent garment factory
Figure Text: RFID Smart Manufacturing - Global Customer Independent Design
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Full customization process - 7 working day process demonstration
Designing and measuring → online order → platemaking and drawing → tailoring → ironing →
inspection → matching → packaging → warehousing →logistics delivery
So, with a data-driven production process, online design, order-taking,
customization data transmission are all digitalized, forming an operating system of
demand data collection, demand data to production data transformation, smart
research and development and design, smart production scheduling, smart
automatic typography, data-driven value chain collaboration, data-driven
production and execution, data-driven quality assurance, data - driven logistics
distribution, data - driven customer service, and fully digital customer service. As
shown in Figure 2.13, the RFID-based smart production line greatly improves the
efficiency of industrialization, shortens the production cycle to 7 working days while
the personalized manufacturing costs are only 10% higher than those of the mass
manufacturing, truly realizing the mass customization of personalized products.
Everyone will be able to afford customized clothing.
Figure 2.13 RFID-based intelligent production line structure diagram
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Figure Text in picture on top: ERP System/PLM System/CAD System
Manufacturing Execution System (MES)
Figure Text in picture on the left : CAD Design System/Automatic tailoring system/Automatic
tailoring system/Plate-making and Drawing/label printer/bundling and labeling
Figure Text in picture on the right : Console/Transmission Pipeline Operation
One reader will be installed in every work position
2.4.3 Smart Logistics & Warehousing Solution for the Apparel Industry
The apparel industry logistics has the following characteristics: diverse
management objects, various brands, diverse types, many SKUs (Stock Keeping Unit);
diverse sales models, complex logistics channels, generally including “online +
offline” model and “directly managed stores + franchises + agents” model; strong
seasonality, rapid logistics response required, different products for spring、summer、
autumn and winter, short product life cycle, usually 2-3 months; difficult inventory
control, long production and marketing chain, many sections, multi-level segmented
inventory, generally including factory inventory, headquarters inventory and
channel inventory; multi-stage network for logistics and distribution, including
Headquarters logistics distribution, branch logistics distribution and agent logistics
distribution.
The apparel logistics network is a three-tier separated network where a variety
of logistics channels coexist, usually with a model of raw materials and accessories
distribution + finished product distribution + terminal distribution by factories +
headquarters + subsidiaries . The types of business operation include wholesale,
retail, e–commerce and group purchase. The products include different logistics
channels of various brands. The logistics problems are as follows: long logistics
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channel, the overall logistics channel includes factory warehouse -- headquarter
warehouse -- subsidiary warehouse - store or factory warehouse - headquarters
warehouse – agent/dealer warehouse; high supply chain inventory, low storage
efficiency, too many inventory points, the storage cycle is usually 180 days, with
backward warehousing management methods and means; multi-stage
transportation, complex management, the modes of transport include container
shipping by the factory, distribution and transportation by the headquarters,
distribution and transportation by the branch/agent, etc. Based on the above
characteristics of the logistics, we put forward an smart storage solution shown in
Figure 2.14.
Figure 2.14 intelligent warehousing solution
Figure Text: Intelligent Implementation Plan
Stock - In – SKU management: channel machine scanning, no need of devanning, comparing to
the receiving sheet, checking the quantity and model of the goods, conducting manual
intervention and error correction; FCL management: entry RFID reader scanning, no need of
devanning, comparing to the receiving sheet, checking the quantity and model of the goods,
conducting manual intervention and error correction.
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Racking – Racking: the forklift arrives at the position, PDA or forklift reader reads the
warehouse position label to confirm if the position is consistent with the system, the goods are
placed at designated positions.
Inventory taking – stocktaking: the PDA scans label information and the goods to be counted
to collect information for data comparison, the difference is displayed on the PDA in real time
for manual check, and the inventory information is updated to the backstage server through
the PDA.
Stock – Out - Stock – Out: For a small amount of goods, the PDA is used to carry out the
inspection before delivery, if there is an error, the reader will automatically give an alarm for
timely error correction; for a large quantity of goods, the forklift transports the goods to the
export, the fixed reader automatically identifies the goods to be shipped to quickly and
accurately complete the inspection work, if there is an error, the reader will automatically give
an alarm in a real time manner for manual intervention, the data will be updated to the
background database to ensure the consistency between the inventory and system
information; Illegal stock-out alarm: the fixed readers installed at the exports and entrances of
the warehouse scan the labels of the goods to be shipped, collect goods information for
feedback to the backend server, the system automatically checks the delivery sheet, if three is
a mismatching, the system will identify as illegal and automatically give an alarm.
2.4.4 Smart Store Solution for the Apparel Industry
Figure 2.15 shows the functional scenes of a smart store. At the point of arrival,
before the goods going into the store, the staff shall use RFID PDA to batch read the
tag data on the clothing tags, match with the receipt, check the quantities and
models of goods, and manually correct errors.
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Figure 2.15 Smart store functional scene diagram
Figure Text: Smart fitting room/ back stock inventory taking, quick good finding/smart cash
register, quick replenishment/smart dressing mirror/stock-in inventory taking/rack inventory
taking /anti-theft and prevention of cross-boundary sellings
Specific functions are as follows.
Quick stocktaking function: the staff uses the PDA to collect clothing label
information and transmit to the background server for data comparison, the
difference is displayed on the PDA in real time for manual check, and the stocktaking
information is updated to the backstage server through the PDA.
Quick find function: the staff enter the label information of the product to be
found into the RFID PDA to turn on the search mode and quickly locate the specific
location of the product according to the beep produced based on the strength of the
signal.
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Smart hanger function: when the customer picks up the clothes on the smart
hanger, the smart hanger automatically identifies the clothing label in the hands of
the customer, the touch screen displays all the information of the clothes in a timely
manner and inputs the data into the background server at the same time; the
analyzing software automatically counts the data and generates statistical reports
of each period for managers to view.
Smart fitting room function: when the customer picks up the clothes and walks
into the fitting room, the smart fitting room automatically identifies the clothing
label in the hands of the customer, the touch screen displays all the information of
the clothes in a timely manner and inputs the data into the background server at the
same time; the analyzing software automatically counts the data and generates
statistical reports of each period (hour/month) for managers to view and estimate
the production plan and popular designs according to the fitting rate.
Quick check-out function: using RFID can automatically identify the target
information, the receiver can read multiple tags at once within its effective working
range to achieve the simultaneous identification of multiple products, thus speeding
up the check-out process and improve customer satisfaction.
Figure 2.16 shows the smart fitting room. Icon 1-2: the staff reads the clothes
label and transmits the data to the service desk; icon 3: the service desk pushes
information to the match system for selection; icon 4-5: the customer chooses the
product to try and informs the help desk; icon 6-7: the staff uses the PDA to quickly
find the product and sends to the customer.
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Figure 2.16 Smart dressing room functional scene diagram
With RFID system solution developed by the Walton team based on the block
chain technology, the end customers can use the bar codes or RFID tags to identify
all system information of every clothing product including accessories, fabric,
production process, logistics and distribution and store in the block chain system. To
those brands in clothing business, the functions of tamper-resistance, dependable
anti-counterfeiting and traceability can be achieved. Once the companies find any
problems, they can effectively control and recall products according to the source
tracing and protect the legitimate rights and interests of consumers fundamentally.
The consumers can rest assured to buy their favorite products; the system enhances
the shopping experience and improves consumer satisfaction.
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Part 3 Future –Value Internet of Things Will
Change the World
3.1 The Stage Planning of the Walton Project
As mentioned above, the realization of Value Internet of Things will create a
new ecology of the existing business, which is based on the organic integration of
the block-chain and the Internet of Things. To extend the block-chain technology
from the Internet to the Internet of things, and to create an authentic, trustworthy,
traceable, and fully transparent business ecosystem with fully-shared data rely on
the combination of the RFID technology and Waltonchain. The Walton team
carefully planned four growth stages starting from building the underlying
foundation, gradually extending to retail, logistics network and finally integrating
product manufacturers. Step by step, the Waltonchain will achieve the full coverage
of commercial ecology in the forthcoming future.
During the Walton Project 1.0 stage, the team has developed a clothing system
integration solution based on RFID technology which has been applied in several
pilots such as Tries, SMEN and Kaltendin. Now we are ready for large-scale
promotion and need to lay a solid customer base. We have started to develop the
RFID beacon chip with independent intellectual property rights which innovatively
integrates an asymmetric encryption algorithm based on the traditional RFID chip
and expected to achieve the perfect combination of Internet of Things and block
chain. Combined with the integrated solution for the apparel industry based on RFID
technology, it is expected to solve the problems of the traditional apparel industry
including warehousing, logistics, stores and aftermarket, and in the meantime, to
consolidate the basic platform of Waltoncoin. The application scenarios of the
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project’s 1.0 stage will build a Golden demonstration template for the rapid
promotion of Walton's applications.
During the Walton Project 2.0 stage, the independently developed RFID
beacon chip will be in full mass production and can be used in B2C retail industry
and logistics industry. An smart credit system will be completed , fully integrating
payment, gifting, transaction with same currency, transaction with different
currencies and other functions through Walton's flexible and powerful token
creation and transaction functions. Complete information on the chain will be
achieved including merchandise procurement, distribution, stock-in, stock-out,
stores, shelves inventory, sales, customer purchase, customer evaluation and
after-sales service through an optimized blockchain data structure design.
Customers will be provided with functions including payment, integral
management and trading, product evaluation and query, tracing and obtaining
evidence for quality problem, etc; Merchants will be provided with automatic
management of business operation; information mining during procurement, sales,
after-sales; real-time market trends information; thus to achieve a win-win-win
situation for all three parties : customers, merchants and Walton. By virtue of a
block chain data structure matching multi-scenarios, the logistics industry will be
able to achieve full path logistics information on the chain, covering the complete
business process including home delivery, pricing and issuing, packaging and
storage, sorting and distribution, warehouse management, sorting and delivery,
customer receipt and customer feedback. Based on characteristics of RFID such as
being tamper-resistant, open, traceable and etc. it is aimed at building safe and
reliable point-to-point logistics information channel for the customers and
providing business automatic management information platform for the logistics
company to avoid thorny problems such as lost, delayed and wrong orders on a
systematic basis.
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During the Walton Project 3.0 stage, the technology will be applied to all
product manufacturers to achieve traceable customization of smart packaging. The
universal data stricture used in describing the product production cycle will be
effectively written in the block chain; the customization data structure design will
be conducted for different products by taking advantages of traceability; the
authenticity and reliability of chain information can be guaranteed based on RFID
identity verification; the whole processes will be covered, including raw material
purchasing, production operation, assembly operation, product packaging and
product inventory management; the raw material source and production quality
can be verified and the quality problem source can be tracked by taking
advantages of openness and traceability of block chain; the possibility of
counterfeits can be eliminated and the information barrier can be removed to
fundamentally ensure the consumers’ interests. At the same time, the low-cost
data information solutions can be provided to the product manufacturers by
means of the standardized and reliable recording of production business process
information via block chain so as to achieve smart management for the
manufacturers.
During the Walton Project 4.0 stage, with the upgrading and iteration of the
asset information acquisition hardware and the improvement of the block chain
data structure, all the assets will be registered on the Walton chain in the future, to
solve the problems of asset ownership, item traceability and transaction certificate.
By then, the Waltonchain and Walton Coins will be widely used in the physical world,
fundamentally changing the way of life and production worldwide – the Walton
chain project will bring a more convenient, intelligent and trustworthy world to
everybody, and at the same time, give handsome return to the investors of the
Walton chain.
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In accordance with the four stages of the project, the project team will develop
a variety of information collection-related chips, including dual-band RFID chips,
biometric chips and various sensor chips. The team will not only provide secure
interfaces for all physical assets to be on the chain, but also provide secure interfaces
for human beings, all kinds of animals, creatures to be on the chain, to realize safe
and reliable networking, aggregation, digitization of all things, completely change
people's way of life and bring more convenience to human life. The application
scope of the Walton chain will be gradually extended to every life scene, as shown
in Figure 3.1.
Figure 3.1 the scope of application of the Walton chain
Figure Text: Cloud service
Clothing/Social/Public Utilities/Retail/Manufacturing
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Smart Store/Smart Business card/Smart City/Smart Community/Smart
District/Smart Transportation/Anti – Counterfeiting and Source Tracing/Smart
Production
3.2 The Investment Value of the Walton Project
1) Innovation mode: the Walton Project intends to develop RFID beacon chip
with independent intellectual property rights, which is expected to achieve the perfect
combination of Internet of Things and block chain. The chips researched and
developed will bind the Walton Coins to create the intelligent ecosphere of
application of Internet of Things based on Walton chain. During the course of
expanding block chain technology to the Internet of Things, the Walton chain will
definitely become the leader of the changing times ;
2) Market space: With a trillion-level potential market, the Waltonchain has
possessed the applicable program able to be quickly implemented in the total value
chains in the clothing industry, including the production, storage, logistics, stores and
other full circulation areas. Years of working experience and customer resources
accumulated by the team members in the clothing industry and electronics industry
will provide a favorable and ideal condition for the implementation of the project. It is
also expected to be used in many fields like electronic license plate and asset
management, etc. in the foreseeable future;
3) High-frequency application: the Waltonchain is loaded on the RFID hardware
system to breakthrough the bottleneck in commercial application of block chain,
namely, the problem of how the real assets off the chain are quickly, efficiently and
safely chained. Therefore, the Waltonchain is the commercial ecological chain with a
low threshold and high-frequency application where there will be a wide range of
application scenarios and very high popularity;
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4) Ecological network: the Waltonchain will establish the ecological chain of
Internet of Things with its own content. As the only token of fundamental chain for
this ecological network, the Walton Coin will be circulated in a wide range of
business areas, so it has multiple significant functions including value storage, value
circulation, credit trading, commodity payment media etc. With the increasing
popularity of RFID beacons and the expanding demand for the network, the demand
for Walton Coin will be expanding correspondingly, so Walton's early investors will
get substantial returns with the development and growth of Walton Chain.
5) Profit mechanism: the Walton Coins issued by ICO are the tokens of Walton's
fundamental chain. With the development of the fundamental chain and its subchains,
the protocol mechanism of Walton system has decided that the Walton Coin,
as the mother token, will receive dividends from all levels of the system in order to
nurture the block chain system of Walton, making it more robust and safer and
bringing about a harmonious virtuous circulation.
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Part 4 Project Foundation
The project foundation was established in 2017, known as the Waltonchain
Foundation. The Foundation is committed to the development of the Walton
project, the promotion and implementation of RFID applications and the
promotion of early development of decentralized applications. 20% of the initial
WTCs will be used for some industry applications and start-up projects, such as
financial services, supply chain, Internet of things, block chain, etc., including
project strategic planning, project support, project promotion and token exchange.
The Foundation will select the decentralized applications developed on
Waltonchain and provide rewards based on the actual number of users on the
applications.
The overall structure of the foundation is shown in Figure 4.1. The DecisionMaking
Committee shall have three sub-departments including Technology
Development Committee, Finance and Personnel Management Committee and
Project Operations Committee, which shall respectively be responsible for the
development, implementation and supervision of technology development
strategies; the development, implementation and supervision of the financial
system; the decision - making and implementation of the overall project operation
and marketing. The members of the Decision-Making Committee change every
four years; the members generally include two representatives recommended by
each subcommittee, a project investor representative, a community representative
and a member of the Walton team. The members of the subcommittees change
every four years; the members are generally prominent people from related
industries.
52
Figure 4.1 the overall structure of the Walton Foundation
Figure Text: Decision Making Committee; Technology Development
Committee; Financial and Personnel Management Committee; Project Operations
Committee.
The Foundation promotes a transparent and efficient operational philosophy
to promote the healthy development of the Walton ecosystem. The governance
structure mainly focuses on the effectiveness, sustainability and financial security
of project management. The foundation’s mission is to promote the development
of block chain technology from the Internet to the Internet of things , and to invest
the funds raised by ICO in the following directions:
1)Planning to develop the RFID beacon chips with independent intellectual
property rights which use an asymmetric encryption algorithm with independent
intellectual property rights and can achieve the perfect combination of the Internet
of Things and the block chain;
决策委员会决决策
技术开发委员会技术 财务及人事管理委员会务财务及 项目运营委员会项目
53
2)Establishing a smart credit system fully integrating payment, gifting,
transaction with same currency, transaction with different currencies and other
functions through WTC's flexible and powerful token creation and transaction
functions;
3)Complete information on the chain will be achieved including merchandise
procurement, distribution, stock-in, stock-out, stores, shelves inventory, sales,
customer purchase, customer evaluation and after-sales service through an
optimized blockchain data structure design, achieving a win-win-win situation for
customers, merchants and Walton;
4)By virtue of a block chain data structure matching multi-scenes, it is aimed
at building safe and reliable point-to-point logistics information channel for the
customers and providing business automatic management information platform for
the logistics company to avoid thorny problems such as lost, delayed and wrong
orders on a systematic basis.
5)Applying to the product manufacturers, and achieving smart packaging
and traceable product customization.
The projects above will provide convenient data query and traceability,
analysis and processing, and transaction management interfaces to customers,
provide smart management interface to businesses. With the further application of
machine learning and artificial intelligence, an intelligent ecosystem of the
complete supply chain will ultimately be created, including production, logistics,
stores, sales and after-sales service.
54
Part 5 Team Introduction
5.1 Sponsors
Xu Fangcheng (Founder): Chinese, graduated in Business Administration,
Supply Chain Management Director of Septwolves Group Ltd.
Du Xianghe (Co-founder): Korean, Vice Chairman of the China - Korea Cultural
Exchange Development Committee (a proprietary institution of President Moon Jaein),
Director of the Korea Standard Products Association, Chairman of Seongnam
Branch of the Korea Small and Medium Enterprises Committee, Chairman of Korea
NC Technology Co., Ltd., Senior Reporter of IT TODAY News, Senior Reporter of
NEWS PAPER Economic Department, Director of ET NEWS.
5.2 Senior advisors
Jin Xiji (Internet of Things): Korean, South Korea's electronics industry leader,
Doctor of Engineering (graduated from the University of Minnesota), Professor of
Korea University, previously worked at Bell Labs and Honeywell USA, served as
vice president of Samsung Electronics, senior expert in integrated circuit design field,
IEEE Senior Member, Vice President of the Korea Institute of Electrical Engineers,
Chairman of the Korea Semiconductor Industry Association. Has published more than
250 academic papers with more than 60 patents.
Zhu Yanping (Block Chain): Chinese Taiwanese, Doctor of Engineering
(graduated from National Cheng Kung University), Chairman of the Taiwan Cloud
55
Services Association, Director of Information Management Department of National
Chung Hsing University. Has won the Taiwan Ministry of Education Youth Invention
Award and Taiwan Top Ten Information Talent Award. Has deeply studied block
chain applications over the years and led a block chain technology team to develop
systems for health big data and agricultural traceability projects.
5.3 Chief Experts
Mo Bing (Internet of Things): Chinese, Doctor of Engineering (graduated from
Harbin Institute of Technology), Research Professor of Korea University,
Distinguished Fellow of Sun Yat - sen University, Internet of Things expert,
integrated circuit expert, Chinese Society of Micro-Nano Technology Senior
Member, IEEE Member. Has published more than 20 papers and applied for 18
invention patents. Began his first research on BitCoin in 2013, one of the earliest
users of btc 38 and Korea korbit. Served as Technical Director of Korea University
to cooperate with Samsung Group to complete the project “based on the multi -
sensor data interaction and fusion of peer - to - peer network”. Is committed to the
integration of block chain technology and Internet of Things to create a real
commercialized public chain.
Wei Songjie (Block Chain): Chinese, Doctor of Engineering (graduated from the
University of Delaware), Associate Professor of Nanjing University of Science and
Technology, Core Member and Master Supervisor of Network Space Security
Engineering Research Institute, Block Chain Technology expert in the field of
computer network protocol and application, network and information security.
Has published more than 20 papers and applied for 7 invention patents. Previously
worked at Google, Qualcomm, Bloomberg and many other high-tech companies in
the United States, served as R & D engineer and technical expert; has a wealth of
56
experience in computer system design, product development and project
management.
5.4 Team Members
5.4.1 Permanent Chinese Members
Chen Zhangrong: Chinese, graduated in Business Management, received a BBA
degree from Armstrong University in the United States, President of Tianyu
International Group Co., Ltd., leader of China clothing & accessories industry,
China’s well – known business mentor, guest of the CCTV2 show named “Win in
China” in 2008. Began to contact Bitcoin in 2013 with a strong interest and indepth
study of digital money and decentralized management thinking. Has a
wealth of practical experience in the market research, channel construction,
business cooperation and business model.
Lin Herui: Chinese, received a MBA degree from Xiamen University. Has more
than 10 years of experience in the development of electronic products and
systems. Successively served as Nokia R & D Manager and Product Manager,
Microsoft Hardware Department Supply Chain Director. Established Xiamen Z-Link
Co., Ltd in 2015; the intelligent systems and solutions developed by the company
have been successfully promoted and used in various industrial brand enterprises
and brand clothing enterprises.
Liu Cai: Chinese, Master of Engineering, has 12 years of experience in Design
and Verification of VLSI, and a wealth of practical project experience in RFID chip
design process, SOC chip architecture, digital-analog hybrid circuit design, including
algorithm design, RTL design, simulation verification, FPGA prototype verification,
DC synthesis, back-end PR, package testing, etc. Has led a team to complete the
57
development of a variety of navigation and positioning baseband chips and
communication baseband chips, finished a series of AES, DES and other encryption
module designs, won the first prize of scientific and technological progress of
Satellite Navigation and Positioning Association. A master in consensus mechanism
principle of block chain and related asymmetric encryption algorithm.
Yang Feng: Chinese, Master of Engineering, worked at ZTE, artificial
intelligence expert, integrated circuit expert. Has 12 years of experience in VLSI
research and development, architecture design and verification, and 5 years of
research experience in artificial intelligence and genetic algorithm. Has won the
Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Award; has an in-depth research on
the principle and realization of RFID technology, the underlying infrastructure of
block chain, smart contract and consensus mechanism algorithm.
Guo Jianping: Chinese, Doctor of Engineering (graduated from the Chinese
University of Hong Kong), Associate Professor of the Hundred Talents Program of
Sun Yat - sen University, Master Instructor, IEEE Senior Member, integrated circuit
expert. Has published more than 40 international journals / conference papers in
the field of IC design and applied for 16 patents in China.
Huang Minrui: Chinese, Doctor of Engineering (graduated from the University
of Freiburg in Germany), Master Instructor, Lecturer of Department of Electronics
of Huaqiao University, integrated circuit expert. Mainly explores digital signal
processing circuit and system implementation and works on digital signal
processing technology research and development for the long term.
Guo Rongxin, Chinese, Master of Engineering, Deputy Director of
Communication Technology Research Center of Huaqiao University. Has more than
58
10 years of experience in design and development of hardware and software for
embedded system, works on the research and development of RFID and block
chain technology in the field of Internet of Things for the long term.
Li Shuai: Chinese, Master of Engineering, with a research focus on network
security and block link authentication technology. The block chain distributed
certified work directed and completed by him has won the final first prize of “2016
National Cryptology Technology Competition”.
Cheng Hao: Chinese, Master of Engineering, with a research focus on computer
network simulation and network routing protocol. Has completed 4 academic
papers and inventions, has won the first prize of “National University Mobile
Internet Application Development Innovation Competition”, the first prize of
“National Cryptology Technology Competition”, the grand prize of “Nanjing
University of Science and Technology Innovation Cup Extracurricular Academic and
Technological Works Competition for College Students”.
Huang Hongtai: Chinese, Bachelor of Engineering, has five years of experience
in WEB front and back end development, works on the Development of Internet of
Things platforms and educational information platforms for the long term. Began
his exposure Bitcoin in 2011 and become an early graphics card mining participant.
Has a strong interest in virtual currency and block chain technology.
Dai Minhua: Chinese, graduated in Business Management, received a BBA
degree from Armstrong University, senior financial expert, served as vice president
and chief financial officer of Tianyu International Group Co., Ltd.; has 13 years of
financial work experience, has a wealth of experience in developing and
implementing enterprise strategy and business plan, as well as achieving business
management objectives and development goals.
59
Liu Dongxin: Chinese, received an MBA from China Europe International
Business School, Visiting Scholar of Kellogg School of Management at
Northwestern University, strategic management consulting expert, investment and
financing expert, with a current research interest in the impact of Block Chain
Technology on financial sector.
Wang Liyan: Chinese, received a master of information systems and
operations management from University of Florida and a bachelor of
communication engineering from Beijing University of Posts and
Telecommunications, previously worked at ChinaNetCenter, has a wealth of
experience in technology products operation.
5.4.2 Permanent Korean Members
Shan Liang, Chinese, Graduated from KOREATECH Mechanical Engineering
Department, Venture Capital PhD, Director of Korea Sungkyun Technology Co.,
Ltd., Chinese Market Manager of the heating component manufacturer NHTECH, a
subsidiary of Samsung SDI, economic group leader of the Friendship Association of
Chinese Doctoral Students in Korea, one of the earliest users of Korea korbit,
senior digital money player.
Ma Yixing: Chinese, Chinese National CSC special students, Doctor of
Engineering of Korea University, Research Professor of Fusion Chemical Systems
Institute of Korea University, Korea Sungkyun Technology Co., Ltd. CEO, Member of
Korea Industry Association, Associate Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry,
has published his research results in the world's top journal, Nature –
Communication, and participated in the preparation of a series of teaching
materials for Internet of Things engineering - Introduction to the Internet of
60
Things. His current research direction covers cross-disciplines that combine blockchain
technology with intelligent medical technology.
Zhao Haiming: Chinese, Doctor of Chemical Conductive Polymer of
Sungkyunkwan University, core member of Korea BK21th conductive polymer
project, researcher of Korea Gyeonggi Institute of Sensor, researcher of Korea
NCTECH environmental technology company, Vice president of the Chinese
Chamber of Commerce, Director of Korea Sungkyun Technology Co., Ltd., early
player of digital currency.
5.5 Angel Investors
Qiu Jun: Chairman of Shenzhen Hong Tao Fund Management Co., Ltd., Vice
President of Shenzhen Shanwei Chamber of Commerce. Has 20 years of capital
market investment experience, experienced many magnificent market changes,
achieved a number of classic investment cases, including SMIC, China Merchants
Securities and Danxia biological company, etc. Danxia biological company has been
deemed as one of the top ten successful cases of biomedical investment in 2016.
Yan Xiaoqian: Chairman of Kaltendin Clothing Co., Ltd., Executive Vice
President of Shenzhen Shanwei Chamber of Commerce.
Xu Junjie: Commodity Center Director of TRIES Clothing Co., Ltd., famous
fashion designer.
Lin Jingwei: Director of Guangzhou Jiuying Investment Management Co., Ltd.,
received a master of Senior Financial Accounting and an EMBA degree from Sun
Yat - sen University; has 27 years of work experience at large Chinese state -
owned enterprises at home and abroad and more than 15 years of work
experience as Secretary of the Board of Directors, Chief Financial Officer, Deputy
61
General Manager of large Chinese state - owned enterprises, long-term in charge
of enterprise listing, capital operation, investment and financing and financial
management, with a wealth of experience in capital operation and financial
management. Has the qualifications for Secretary of the Board of Directors or
Independent Director of listed companies.
Yang Youneng: Guangdong Chinese Online Investment Co., Ltd. CEO, Chinese
Academy of Social Sciences Graduate of Economics, Visiting Professor of South
China University of Technology, Associate Dean of Shenzhen Financial Research
Institute of the Ministry of Finance and Finance.
Lin Yijun: Deputy General Manager of Beijing Division of Industrial Futures,
received a MBA degree from Tsinghua University. Previously served as Director of
Beijing Xizhimen North Street Sales Department of Industrial Futures, has more
than 10 years of experience in investment and financing, mergers and acquisitions,
fund investment, and securities investment, etc.
He Honglian: Director of Walton Investment Division, Certified Public
Accountant, received a MBA degree from Xiamen University. Previously served as
Investment Center Manager of Meiya Pico, currently leads the Walton investment
team to research and plan investment in the field of Internet of Things and
integrated circuits.
Song Guoping: Doctor of medicine, President of Chinese Chamber of
Commerce in Korea, Director of Beijing Overseas Friendship Association,
Representative of Ping An International, Representative of Oriental Xu Fu AntiAging
Center, Representative of Sumei Beauty Shaping company.
62
Shen Dongxie: Korean, Doctor of Economics, Senior Economic Advisor of
Korea Gyeonggi Province Government, Distinguished Professor of Seoul National
University, Negotiator of US - South Korea Free Trade Agreement.
5.6 Consultant Team
Liu Xiaowei: Professor of Harbin Institute of Technology, PhD Tutor, 973 chief
expert. Member of the Expert Group on assembly of micro - nano technology,
Member of the Expert Group on assembly of military electronic components
spectrum series, Deputy Director of Force Sensitive Professional Committee of
Sensitive Technology Branch of Chinese Institute of Electronics, Deputy Secretary –
General of Chinese Northeast Micro-Electro-Mechanical System Technology
Consortium, Editorial Board Member of Sensor Technology, Heilongjiang Province
CPPCC member.
Su Yan:Professor of Nanjing University of Science and Technology, PhD
Mentor, Vice President of the China Shipbuilding Engineering Society Ship
Instrument and Instrumentation Academic Committee, Vice Chairman of the China
Instrument & Instrument Society Ship Instrument & Meter Branch, Executive
Director of the China Institute of Instrumentation Micro - Nano Devices and
Systems Technology Branch, Executive director of Jiangsu Institute of
Instrumentation, assembly expert.
Zhang Yan: Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Ph.D. Mentor. Currently serves
as Associate Dean of Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen) School of
Electronics. Digital integrated circuit design and embedded system expert.
Zhu Xueyang: Chinese, Master of Engineering, Technical Director of Hangzhou
Network Security Research Institute. Has more than nine years of IT industry
experience, with an in-depth study on financial information security, cloud
63
computing, block chain technology and other directions. Served as Product Manager
of Sunyard Safety Products Division and took charge of projects of block chain
application on financial products.
Ma Pingping: received a Master of Economics from Xiamen University, serves
as general manager at Septwolves Venture Capital Limited.
Chen Zhonglin: Currently serves as Executive General Manager of State
Securities Investment Banking Department, Registered Sponsor Representative,
Certified Public Accountant, Bachelor of Finance at Fudan University; previously
worked at Ernst & Young and PricewaterhouseCoopers, engaged in securities audit
business and corporate mergers and acquisitions advisory services for many years,
has extensive experience in investment banking.
Peng Xiande: Senior Lawyer, Guangdong Wenpin Law Firm partner, company
law, investment and financing legal affairs expert with more than twenty years of
judicial practical experience.
Bo Ke: Graduated from Henan University of Economics and Law, Senior
Lawyer of Guangdong Ruiting Law Firm, China registered lawyer, Member of the
All China Lawyers Association, Member of Shenzhen Lawyers Association, has
more than 20 years of experience in legal services.
Xiao Guang Jian: Senior Accountant, Tax Accountant, Senior Economist,
Secretary – General of Shenzhen Sanming Chamber of Commerce, Shenzhen Lianjie
Accounting Firm Partner, senior financial expert, has more than ten years of
experience in financial consultancy of listed companies.
Li Zhongji: Representative of BSM Company, Chairman of the Activated Carbon
Committee of Korea Carbon Convergence Committee
64
Gao Shangtai: Deputy Director of Editorial Board of Korea Electronics News
Agency, Director of New Media and New Industry Bureau of KI news.
Part 6 References
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Review, 2017.
2.T. Stein, Supply chain with blockchain — showcase RFID, Faizod, 2017
3.S. Nakamoto, Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system, Bitcoin.org, 2009.
4.R. Hackett, The financial tech revolution will be tokenized, Fortune, 2017.
5.C. Swedberg, Blockchain secures document authenticity with smartrac's dLoc
solution, RFID Journal, 2016.
6.D. Bayer, S. Haber, W.S. Stornetta, Improving the efficiency and reliability of
digital time-stamping, Sequences II: Methods in Communication, Security and
Computer Science, 1993.
7.A. Legay, M. Bozga, Formal modeling and analysis of timed systems, Springer
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10.KCDSA Task Force Team, The Korean certificate-based digital signature
algorithm, IEEE Standard Specifications for Public-Key Cryptography, 1998.
11.J. Donaldson, Mojix brings transformational RFID, big data analytics and
blockchain technology to NRF Retail’s Big Show, Mojix.com, 2017.
12.R. T. Clemen, Incentive contracts and strictly proper scoring rules. Test, 2002.
13.J.-Y. Jaffray, E. Karni, Elicitation of subjective probabilities when the initial
endowment is unobservable, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 1999.
14.Blockchain Luxembourg S.A., https://blockchain.info.
15.J. Gong, Blockchain society — decoding global blockchain application and
investment cases, CITIC Press Group, 2016.
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17.P. Sztorc, Peer-to-peer oracle system and prediction marketplace, 2015.
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19.潘炜迪, 浅谈我国虚拟货币发展现状及未来, 企业导报, 2016.
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