Alright, lets see here.
I'll start with what your seeing.
cgminer gives you a lot of info, I know Q, A, R and HW are queue, accepted, rejected, and hardware errors, not sure what all the next line is but it is in the cgminer thread somewhere.
The real important numbers (or at least what most people watch) are the GPU temp, its fanspeed, and the hashrate. From what I'm seeing that all looks normal (of course I don't know what card you have, so I can't tell you if the hashrate is right, but you probably know where it is supposed to be)
All of the longpoll requests are also perfectly normal, because P2Pool finds a block about every 10 seconds, so everyone ends up with that many long polls.
On to the P2Pool window.
The P2Pool lines are stats about P2pool, including total hashrate, total stale rate, and how long it will take P2Pool to find another block (on average)
The next line starting local is stats having to do with your miners. It should be a total of all the miners you have, and in your case it looks about right again. This number can fluctuate a bit wildly with P2Pool sometimes, something to do with how it calculates hashrate. The one in cgminer will always be accurate. The local dead on arrival stat is how many shares your miners submitted that got to your P2Pool too late. Yours a bit high, you might want to try running cgminer with the -g 1 option (1 thread per GPU) this can help reduce the number of local doas and the amount of longpolls you see.
Last line is about your shares. This counts P2Pool shares, so it will be much lower than the accepted number in cgminer. You should be getting a share about every 2.5 hours based on your screenshot.
Finally it tells you your stale rate, which isn't always accurate because it starts over every time you restart p2pool, but should become pretty accurate after it has been running long enough. Effeciency has to do with your stale rate compared to everybody else's, The higher you are on the range shown, the better, although anything above 100% is fine. These numbers will stay at "
?" (those are supposed to be question marks, but I don't feel like digging to see how to turn off autosmilies) until you actually find a share and it has some actual math to do.
When you find another share, your payrate should go up, until you have been mining for about 24 hours on P2Pool, then it should stabilize and only change when P2Pool total hashrate changes.
Well, there we go. It's a lot of information I know. I hope it's helpful, and if I made any mistakes someone please point them out to me.